Good nutrition is particularly important for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Adequate nutrition can provide you with sufficient physical strength, boost immunity, and prevent further damage to lung tissue. Patients with pulmonary obstruction usually come with bronchial inflammation and emphysema, which affects the normal functioning of the lungs, and some foods produce gas during digestion, causing flatulence and causing difficulty breathing. So it’s important to change or properly arrange your diet so that your breathing function is as far as possible. The following are the changes in diet that patients can do, as well as to avoid.
6 changes that needed to be made
Air and water are essential to sustain life. In our breaths, we need muscle coordination, while activating muscle activity requires energy, energy comes from the food and nutrition we eat. Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have less function than ordinary people, so they spend 10 times more energy on breathing. Therefore, there are 6 things that should be particularly important in terms of nutrient absorption in patients with pulmonary disease.
enough protein can stimulate the body to produce antibodies to fight inflammation and protect you from infection. Protein deficiency increases your lungs chances of infection. Good proteins are available in all kinds of meat, fish, eggs, beans and dairy products.
Stay in shape and avoid overweight
Maintain your ideal weight. You can calculate your body weight and calories you need every day, or check it through the basal metabolic rate calculator. Obese people breathe very hard, and the lungs need to double their work to get oxygen to the whole body. Therefore, proper exercise and diet can help you achieve or maintain your ideal weight.
Drink plenty of water, replenish liquids
In all liquids, water is the best choice, it contains no caffeine, carbonated, no irritation. You should drink at least 6 cups of 240ml of water a day, as plenty of moisture keeps your respiratory tract moist and the phlegm is more likely to cough out when diluted.
A small amount of meals
eating too much food will make the stomach grow, compress the diaphragm, increase lung pressure, lead to difficulty breathing. A small amount of meals can prevent this from happening. Once you have difficulty breathing in the eating room or after a meal, you have overeaten.
Clean your respiratory tract
Clean your respiratory tract at least 1 hour before meals, such as phlegm in your throat, snot, etc., to help you swallow food and breathe more easily.
Maintain the correct posture
eat the correct posture, sit straight, chew slowly, help digestion and breathe smoothly.
4 things that you should avoid doing
In order for our body to have a healthier habit, patients should avoid foods that produce gas causing flatulence during digestion, or foods that can cause water in the body. In addition, do not consume foods with high fat content or low nutritional value. For example:
High salt or too much sodium
Frozen food or takeaway is usually salty and contains excess sodium. So before eating, you can check the nutritional instructions at the back of the package, each serving of sodium should be less than 140 mg, or the daily percentage value should not exceed 20%. Less than 5% sodium is low-salt foods, and more than 20% is too high. Too much sodium can cause human cells to retain moisture, and body water can cause difficulty breathing.
overeating can cause you to gain weight quickly, making breathing more hard.
Eating foods that cause flatulence
In order to avoid flatulence, the stomach compresses into the lungs, unable to expand enough oxygen to breathe as desired, causing difficulty in breathing. Foods recommended to avoid include, fried foods, spicy foods, beans and cauliflower, etc. Fruits include apples, avocado and melon and melon.
Cooking time-consuming food
Leave your energy to your breath and do not prepare something that is difficult to cook. If you really want to eat, ask friends or family to help prepare food.