According to the American Cancer Society, there were about 12,990 new cases of cervical cancer, with about 4,120 women passing away. The general public should strengthen their knowledge about cervical cancer to prevent it.
Early diagnosis of cervical cancer
Experts recommend that women follow the principles to diagnose cervical cancer as early as possible. The following methods can detect pre-cancer lesions in advance and prevent cervical cancer.
Women should be screened for cervical smear from the age of 21. Papanicolaou test (pap test) every 3 years. If the results are abnormal, human papillomavirus can be diagnosed early.
In women with total uterine resectomy, there is no need for a pap screening, unless the removal is due to cancer treatment. Women who have removed the uterus without removing the cervix should still be screened regularly.
Women after the age of 30 should undergo a Pap smear test every 5 years, as well as a HPV test, which should continue until the age of 65.
Women over 65 years of age can stop pap screening if they have undergone regular check-ups in the last 10 years and have no signs of serious pre-cancer lesions in the last 20 years. If CIN2 or CIN3 has been screened, it should be screened regularly for at least 20 years after discovery.
For women aged 30 to 65, Pap smear tests are also available every 3 years.
Women who are at high risk of cervical cancer due to the inhibition of Diethylstilbestrol (DES) of the uterine immune system need to be screened more frequently and comply with the The doctor’s instructions.
Women who have given the HPV vaccine should still comply with the above instructions.
Cervical papanicolaou test
Cervical papanicolaou test can prevent cervical cancer and increase the chances of successful treatment. Regular screening can also identify abnormal cervical cells and treat them before the lesion. Treatment is not difficult if cervical cancer is detected early. In the United States, deaths from cervical cancer have declined by more than 50 per cent over the past 30 years, largely thanks to the Pap smear test.
Among women who do not have regular screening habits, cervical cancer has a high mortality rate and is one of the most vulnerable cancers in developing countries and is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage. Apart from the fatality rate, cervical cancer is one of the most easily curable cancers. As long as early diagnosis and treatment, there is no need to be afraid of cervical cancer.