Sunburn is an excessive exposure of the skin to Ultraviolet Rays (or UV) in the sun, causing redness and pain in the skin. It destroys the protein and nuclein of cells, causing Lange. Langerhans Cells are temporarily reduced and also damage epidermal cells and melanocytes. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than one third of adults have sunburn, showing that the experience of sunburn is no stranger to most people, so we’ll simply share information about UV rays and how to deal with sunburn.

What are the types of UV rays?

There are three types of UV rays: UVC, UVB, and UVA.
UVC will not reach the surface of the Earth because it is absorbed by the ozone layer. The other two types of UVA and UVB will penetrate the atmosphere, even the epidermis and dermis, causing skin aging, wrinkles, damage to vision and even skin cancer. The amount of sunburn depends on the condition of the body’s skin, the intensity of the sun, and the time of exposure to the sun, and the skin may begin to peel off if it is exposed to the sun for too long.

What to do with sunburn?

Once sunburn, the skin will start peeling in a few days, and the peeling condition may last for several days until the skin is repaired naturally, the following ways are recommended to help the skin quickly recover health.

More hydration for the body

One way to treat peeling is to drink plenty of water to hydrate the skin and help repair quickly.

Skin Moisturizing

In addition, you can apply some moisturizing products such as aloe vera gel to keep your skin moisturized.

Cold compress

You can apply cold compress bag on peeling skin for 20 to 30 minutes to relieve irritation after the sun, but please note, do not directly spread ice on the skin, this will overirritate the skin.

Sunscreen protection

Sun protection is still the best way to avoid direct exposure in the sun, if you have to go out, it is recommended to use clothing to cover the sunburn area, avoid sunlight and UV rays again. Also, don’t forget to wear a sun hat and sunglasses to make sunscreen more effective.

How to put sunscreen? At least 30 SPF

You may have heard the saying that “people with dark skin don’t have to put on sunscreen”, but in fact everyone needs to use it. The main purpose of sunscreen is to protect us from getting sunburn by the sun’s UV Light rays  (ultraviolet rays), regardless of age, gender or race. In response, Cancer Council has also confirmed that sunscreen can prevent skin cancer. This article lists the safety principles for using sunscreen, as well as the general public There are 3 possible mims.

Sunscreen lotion has 2 types –  SPF must have at least 30

If you want the right sun protection, the first is to choose the sun cream. Sunscreens are generally divided into two kinds of physical and chemical properties, the former is like a protective film, can make the sun shine on the skin is refractive, reduce the chance of sunburn, suitable for use by people with sensitive skin; the latter can be understood as a “sponge” that absorbs sunlight and may contain active ingredients such as Oxybenzone, an estrogen-like synthetic hormone, salicylic Octisalate, Octisalate, Octicrylene, Octinoxate, Avobenzone, as well as Homosalate.

An excellent sunscreen for more comprehensive UVA (Ultraviolet Radiation A) and UVB (Ultraviolet) Radiation B) protection, SPF (Sun Protection Factor) must be at least 30 or more, and it should also be waterproof.

To cater for consumer convenience, some sunscreens include anti-mosquito or moisturizing formulas, but American Academy of Dermatology (referred to as AAD) recommended that sunscreen should only do the work of sunscreen. If there are other needs and then choose the corresponding product, because sunscreen can be used in a large number of quantities, but Insect repellent should be cautiously used in small quantities.

Current arctic: Be Careful with UV Ultraviolet Rays – Sunburn

In addition, according to Environmental Working Group, you should avoid vitamin A in sunscreen ingredients and avoid buying products with ingredients labeled Retinol or Retinyl palmitate. For products containing dibenzene, special attention is also needed, as it penetrates the skin and interferes with the body’s endocrine system. Suitable sunscreen ingredients are recommended to contain Zinc Oxide, Mexoryl SX, or 3% of Avobenzene. Protects skin from UVA radiation.

In fact, we need to rub sunscreen every day because the sun emits harmful ultraviolet rays all the time, even on cloudy days 80% of UV rays can still hurt people’s skin, plus water, sand and snow will reflect. sun, so sun protection is absolutely necessary. For adults, it takes about 35 ml of sunscreen for a single application. Remember that all uncovered areas of clothing should be rubbed with sunscreen. If you don’t want to waste too much sunscreen, we recommend that you choose long-sleeved trousers to increase your cover area. In addition, it is not possible to apply sunscreen to your eyes, so it is recommended to wear sunglasses to avoid eye injuries.

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