For children, summer vacation is a good time to go outdoor and play; Therefore, parents should prepare their children for outdoor activities: Putting on sunscreen, preventing mosquito bites and having sufficient ventilation can ensure your child’s summer vacation is happy and safe.
Avoid Sunburn in Children
Sunburn not only causes pain but also increases the risk of skin cancer. American Academy of Dermatology recommends a child’s sunscreen to be SPF 30 or greater. This is to ensure that the skin is protected from UVA and UVB rays. However, if a child is going to the beach where the sea and sand will wash off their sunscreen, this is is going to speed up the process of getting sunburn. So, remember to re-apply it every 2 hours to prevent ultraviolet rays from entering the skin. Also, whenever you go out, as long as you are exposed to the sun, other than putting on sunscreen, you should do the following sunscreen measures to avoid UV damage to your skin.
- Wear long-sleeved clothes to cover the skin and avoid ultraviolet rays.
- Put on sunscreen before going out at all times.
- If your child is sunburn, it is best to use ice packs, rub aloe vera cream or gel to cool the pain down, and seek medical assistance.
Avoid Mosquito Bites
As summer arrives, mosquitoes also grow in large quantities. If a child goes out and unfortunately gets bitten by mosquitoes, such as sugitworms, bustworms, etc., it may cause skin redness, itchiness, and infectious diseases such as West Nile virus(WNV), so be sure to keep your child safe. However, the American Academy of Pediatrics suggested that Diethyltoluamide should be chosen. DEET has less than 10% insect repellent, if the concentration is too high, it can be toxic to humans. If your child is less than 2 months old, you should not use insect repellent containing ethetto. Also, when you wipe the insect repellent, you should first apply it on your hands, then wipe it on your child’s body, remember to avoid the eyes, ears, mouth, and hand areas, and don’t let your child put their hand in their mouth.
Avoid Bee Sting
Bees love bright flowers, so don’t let children spray perfume or dress with floral patterns, and avoid placing containers or uncovered drinks outdoors to avoid luring bees. If you find bees flying around next to your child, take the child somewhere else or gently blow the bees away.
However, what should you do if a child is accidentally stung by a bee? First, use tweezers to remove the stinger, then wash the wound with soap and warm water and dry it with a cloth. Finally apply steroid ointment (Hydroxyadrenocortico/Hydrocortisone Cream). In addition, the doctor may prescribe antihistamines to reduce the swelling of the wound.
Moreover, special attention should be paid to the wounds of the bee sting, which are often more swollen the next day, and the swelling can last for one week. If your child is allergic, symptoms such as dyspnea, dizziness, fainting, swollen lips or tongue are likely to be life-threatening. Therefore, please bring your child with your doctor for the most appropriate medical help.