Children with Hypothyroidism – Severe hypothyroidism in infancy can cause growth and development retardation, as well as obvious mental disorders.
Hypothyroidism in Children
Symptoms of hypothyroid glands rarely appear at birth, and the timing and severity of symptoms may vary depending on the child’s thyroid gland.
Symptoms begin to develop in a few weeks or months after birth and are sometimes ignored by parents and medical personnel. Possible symptoms include:
- Yellowing of skin and eyes
- Difficulties in feeding
- Cold skin
- Becain less crying than before.
- Loud Breathing
- Sleeps more than before and less activity
- Large soft bumps appear in the head
Symptoms of Hypothyroidism may vary depending on age, but children with genetically related conditions, such as Down syndrome, are at higher risk. Here are some symptoms:
- Shorter than average height
- Shorter hands and feet compared than normal children
Relatively late change of teeth
- Early access to puberty
- Slow mental development
- Abnormally slow heart rate
- Hair loss
- Tiredness or fatigue
- Dry skin
Adolescent girls are more likely to have Hypothyroidism than teen boys and are usually caused by autoimmune diseases such as Graves’s disease, or Greftz’s disease, Type 1 diabetes. So they should pay special attention to those with a family history. Symptoms of Hypothyroidism at this age are similar to those of adults, but are usually less pronounced, as follows:
- Weight gain
- For boys, their testicles will grow bigger.
- Dry skin and fragile hair and nails
- Swollen face
- Rough or hoarse voice
- Enlarged goiter
- Muscle and joint feels pain and stiffness
- Slow development
- Delayed puberty
- Height is shorter than the same aged group
- Girls will develop menstruation later, irregular menstruation, OR heavy menstruation.
- Behavioural change, including fatigue, forgetfulness, emotional or behavioural problems
- Poor performance at school
- Depression, difficulty to focus
When should I see a doctor – Children with Hypothyroidism
Not all symptoms may be listed above. If you have any questions, please consult a doctor. If the above symptoms appear, consult a physician and identify them as early as possible to treat them as soon as possible, and to avoid worsening of the condition. Each person is physically different, and it is always the best way to consult a doctor when there is a problem.
Causes of Hypothyroidism in children
The most common causes are family history. Other common causes are:
- Iodine deficiency.
- The thyroid gland is infunctional; or no thyroid gland at all, congenital hypothyroidism, an average of 4000 babies, one of them will be affected.
- Mothers did not properly deal with their thyroid problems during pregnancy.
- Abnormal of the pituitary gland.
- Have a family history of Hypothyroidism, or have a family history of conditions that affect the immune system.
- Patients with orangiben thyroiditis or Grays’ disease are more likely to Hypothyroidism after puberty, and women are more likely than men.
How to diagnose Hypothyroidism in children?
Diagnosis varies by age, but physicians usually take a medical examination and perform some repair tests such as blood tests, Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and tetraiodine thyroxine tests. If these values are abnormal, the physician will perform a further antithyroid test. Physicians may also perform computed tomography (CT) or MRI. If the patient has difficulty breathing and swallowing due to enlargement of the goiter, the doctor will palpate the neck.
How to treat Hypothyroidism in children?
There are many treatments available now. Patients often need to treat levothyroxine daily with hormonal therapy, and doses vary according to age. The results are most successful if a newborn is diagnosed and treated in the first months of birth. This is why doctors start paying attention to the symptoms four weeks after the birth of the baby.
If you have any questions, consult a doctor.