High cholesterol problems are not limited to adults, but also to children. High cholesterol levels may cause future health problems, especially the heartThe higher the risk of the associated disease.High cholesterol can create unnecessary substances in the walls of the arteries, narrowing the space of the arteries, blocking the flow of blood to the heart and other organs, causing stroke (Stroke) and heart disease for a long time.as well as other health problems.According to The American Heart Association, children aged 2 to 19 should have a total cholesterol index below 170.
Causes of high cholesterol index in children
- Genetic: High cholesterol is hereditary. If one parent has a high cholesterol index, then the child may have a higher cholesterol index.
- Unhealthy diet.
- Lack of exercise.
Methods of preventing high cholesterol index in children
There are two types of fibers: soluble fibers that reduce the cholesterol index and insoluble fibers that help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and delay the emergence of cardiovascular diseases. So your child can eat 5 servings of vegetables and fruits a day, such as bananas, carrots, leafy vegetables, etc. There are also other fiber-rich foods that can reduce the cholesterol index, as follows:
A variety of berries, and raspberries have the highest fibre content, and fruit peels such as apples also have high fibre content.
High fibre cereal is also a good choice for children, but parents should pay attention to their child’s sugar intake.
In addition, it is best for children to eat foods with low levels of cholesterol, total fat, trans fat and saturated fat.The majority of saturated fats are found in animals, such as eggs, meat or dairy products such as cheese, cream, and some snacks such as biscuits and potato chips. Trans fats are found in dried fruits, processed foods such as salted biscuits and donuts. People should not consume more than 30% of total calories a day, while saturated fat should not be less than 10% of total calorie intake. Physicians may also recommend not to take trans fats.
You can encourage your child to stay active, do regular physical activity and exercise for at least one hour a day. Aerobic exercise increases the content of HDL, good cholesterol, and significantly reduces the risk of heart disease.
Please limit your child’s time to watch TV or play a computer a day. Do not let him sit for 1 to 2 hours infront of these devices.