Pregnancy is a great experience for every woman, but if you have diabetes, you should be very careful about getting pregnant. Infants born with diabetes, especially those who cannot control their blood glucose levels, have a high risk of birth defects. However, the process of pregnancy with diabetes may make your journey more meaningful. Here are 2 simple ways to help you walk healthily with your baby.
Consult a physician
If you have a pregnancy plan, seek professional medical advice for professional advice. Here are some of the most common general advice from your physician:
- Diabetes replacement: You will need to replace several drugs commonly used to control blood sugar and hypertension, or replace insulin with oral diabetes medications.
- Adjust treatment before you get pregnant.
Treatment of specific health problems: Before pregnancy, you may get some treatment advice to prevent complications of diabetes. Some diseases can affect pregnancy, such as heart, eye, nerve or kidney diseases, as well as hypertension.
- Consult an obstetrician: Make an appointment with an obstetrician so that your healthcare provider can plan long-term treatments to help you prevent the risks of diabetes and pregnancy complications.
Controlling Blood Glucose Levels
Learning to control blood glucose is the best way to avoid complications of diabetes during pregnancy. The main goal during pregnancy is to keep blood glucose levels as normal as possible. You should know that the fetus’s organs, such as the brain, spine, and heart, begin to form during pregnancy, and this process occurs even before you know you’re pregnant. The fetus’s brain, spine, heart and main organs can directly affect the mother’s blood glucose level. To avoid the risk of miscarriage and congenital defects, you need to control blood glucose levels at the beginning of pregnancy.
To properly intervene in blood glucose fluctuations, your physician will require your body to reach a specific glycated blood pigment value (Hemoglobin A1C), which reflects blood glucose from 2 to 3 months before birth. You need a physician to set your target glycemic range, who will confirm and evaluate your diabetes treatment plan and consider if any adjustments are needed. For example, some women who wish to become pregnant need to consider using more insulin injections to strengthen blood sugar control.
It is important for women with diabetes to learn how to control blood sugar before pregnancy. A mother’s high blood glucose may threaten the safe growth of the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy. Therefore, controlling the blood glucose level is the most important thing to maintain health during pregnancy.