Diabetic neuropathy is a nerve injury caused by chronic high glycemic values, which is a serious and common diabetic complication, 60 ~ 70% of patients with diabetes have experienced some form of neuropathy. There are four main types of neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy, autonomous Autonomic neuropathy, Focal neuropathy and proximal neuropathy neuropathy.

Peripheral neuropathy

This is the most common type of diabetes-related neuropathy, most often affecting the feet and legs, as well as the palms, arms, back and abdomen. Symptoms range from mild to severe, especially at night, including pain, burning, tingling, increased sensitivity to tactile or loss of sensation (which may become permanent), muscle weakness, and Loss of reflex capability. The lastocalypse neuropathy can also cause serious foot problems, such as deformities, infections, ulcers.

Autonomic neuropathy

This is the second most common type of diabetic neuropathy that occurs in the nerves that control internal organs. Organs controlled by the autonomic nervous system include: digestive system, sweat glands, sexual organs, cardiovascular system, and Bladder.

Nerve damage to the digestive system can lead to dysphagia, constipation, gastric paresis (commonly known as Gastroparesis, delayed gastric emptying) leading to bloating, nausea, vomiting, and Loss of appetite. Autonomous neuropathy also causes sexual problems, such as erectile dysfunction in men and vaginal dryness in women. Nervous damage to the cardiovascular system can alter blood pressure and heart rate, causing dizziness, dizziness or fainting, and can lead to heart attack and stroke.

Focal neuropathy

Focal neuropathy, also known as Mononeuropathy, may occur on specific nerves or groups of nerves, most often on the face, trunk, and legs, often suddenly and leads to severe pain. However, symptoms usually disappear within weeks or months without any persistent pain. Symptoms of this lesion are associated with which nerves are affected. Symptoms include diplopia, lack of concentration, pain behind one eye, Bell’s palsy (unilateral facial paralysis), Pain in the calf or foot, pain in the chest or abdomen, pain in the back or pelvis, pain in the thigh bone.

Proximal neuropathy

This less common type of neuropathy causes pain in the thighs, hips, hips, and calves, and usually affects only one side of the body, also known as Femoral neuropathy neuropathy or Diabetic amyotrophy, which is more common in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.

Treatment of diabetic neuropathy

Neuropathy of diabetes is incurable, but it can slow down the deterioration of the disease through treatment. Treatment can also help patients with diabetes control symptoms such as dyspepsia, constipation, pain. Patients can be taken to relieve pain and discomfort caused by neuropathy, such as non-prescription drugs such as Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen, which may Helps relieve mild to moderate pain. Other drugs can be used for pain control, such as opioid painkillers. Other treatment options include phototherapy, electroneurostimulation, or acupuncture, which may also be helpful.

To reduce the risk of diabetic neuropathy, the most important thing is to keep the blood glucose level within the target range. Regular exercise and smoking cessation are also part of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Read: Healthy Eating for Diabetic Patients