Because of the knee pain, how do doctors know where the knee is wrong after going to the hospital? How can a doctor treat a problem when he finds it? In this article, we are going to explain the procedure of checking your knees in a hospital and the treatment that your doctor may perform.
Preliminary and advanced tests for knee pain
In order to understand the cause of knee pain, a medical examination is carried out. During the examination, the doctor may perform the following actions on the patient:
Check the knee for swelling, pain, softness, fever, visible abrasions.
Check if the calf can move in different directions and observe the magnitude of the movement.
Push or pull the joint to assess the integrity of the knee structure.
In some cases, the physician may recommend further and more detailed examination, such as the following:
Your doctor may recommend taking an X-ray to see if there is a fracture or osteoarthritis.
Computed tomography: Computed tomography allows X-rays at different angles to create cross-sectional images in the body.
Use sound waves to draw real-time images of soft tissue structures on the knee and surrounding to understand how these structures work.
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (MRI)
A magnetic resonance is a 3D image of the inside of the knee using radiated waves and powerful magnets.
If your doctor suspects an infection or pseudo-gout, the patient may need a blood test or arthroptic surgery.
Treatments include medications, surgery, etc.
Different etiologies can be treated differently, for example, for potential conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or gout, the doctor may use prescription drugs to help relieve pain; sometimes they may recommend strengthening the knee Around the muscles, make the knees more solid. Discuss with your doctor the most appropriate treatment and pain relief and ways to reduce the risk of future injuries.
The doctor injects drugs directly into the joints, such as corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, high concentration Platelet- rich plasma, PRP.
muscle training to stabilize the knees focuses on the front muscles of the quadriceps and the back muscles biceps. Be aware of the correct posture and use of force. Good training schedules and exercises that help to improve balance are also helpful.
usually there is no urgency in surgery on the knee, you can carefully measure the pros and cons between non-surgical rehabilitation and surgical reconstruction before deciding on the need for surgery.
If you intend to undergo surgery, here are a few possible ways:
to remove free bodies from the knee joint, or to remove or repair damaged cartilage (especially cartilage causing knee lock), or to rebuild torn ligaments.
Partial knee replacement
The doctor replaced the most damaged part of the knee with a device made of metal and plastic.
Total Knee Replacement
The doctor removes damaged bones and cartilage from the thigh bone, tibia, knee bone and artificial joints made of alloys, advanced plastics and polymers.
Some substitution treatments may not cure knee pain, but may help relieve discomfort.
Glucosamine and Chondroitin
These nutritional supplements can reduce pain in osteoarthritis, although no consistent research has yet been done to testify. There are still some people with moderate to severe arthritis that believe to have the effect of alleviating discomfort.
Acupuncture: Acupuncture is a fine needle like hair into the skin of a specific part of the body, which may relieve pain caused by osteoarthritis.