Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a chronic respiratory disease. Swelling and blockage of the respiratory tract due to inflammation, which prevents the gas from entering and leaving the respiratory tract smoothly. The patient often presents symptoms such as cough, phlegm, stroke, and stuffiness, and is more vulnerable to the disease than usual. If you are suffering from this disease, you should always be accompanied by a doctor, so you should learn some care skills and avoid risks. On the other hand, repeated symptoms can worsen the disease, and perhaps you should know some precautions to effectively prevent the onset of COPD.

What is COPD?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is fatal and increases the risk of developing other serious pulmonary diseases. If the patient’s family is a high-risk group, regular lung tests should be arranged. The following are the most common risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease:

smoking habits, or before there are tobacco addicts.
Frequent exposure to second-hand smoke or contaminated air, or frequent exposure to chemicals or dust at work.
Has a family history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
Deficiency of α1-antitrypsin (alpha-1 antitrypsin, AAT, also known as a type A antitrypsin) (AAT) is manufactured by the liver for Protease inhibitor is an important protease inhibitor that binds to many protease enzymes to inhibit their activity and prevent overaction of protease.
Symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease persist.

Some signs may appear before the sudden onset of COPD. If detected early, you can prevent or take a doctor early. Here are some warning alerts:

gasping, more than usual.
Cough better than usual.
Shallow and shortness of breath.
Mucus increases in the respiratory tract and sputum becomes more.
Sputum is yellowish-green, brown or bloodshed.
Unconsciousness or drowsiness.
Swelling of feet or ankles.

Preventive measures

Here are some ways to keep your lungs healthy:

Reducing the risk of smoking

Smoking is the primary cause of COPD. By quitting smoking, it can reduce the risk of developing COPD and reduce the damage to the lungs. In addition, smoking cessation is particularly important for people with protein α-1 antitrypsin deficiency. People with α-1 antitrypsin deficiency can reduce the risk of the disease by injecting supplemental α-1 antitrypsin.

Second-hand smoke is very relevant

according to the World Health Organization (WHO), 10 per cent of smoking-related deaths are caused by second-hand smoke, which is also highly lethal to the lungs. So if you see your friends and family smoking, don’t forget to remind them to quit smoking in addition to getting away from smoke.

Avoiding air pollution

Smoke, chemicals and dust that burn things increase the risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or stimulating it.

Work injuries

People who work in specific jobs, such as miners, chemical industries, are often exposed to highly polluting environments. Coal mine dust, chemical smoke, concrete dust, grain dust and cotton wool or exacerbate the disease. You should encourage your family to seek ways to improve the work environment with your employer, such as providing masks and checking the work environment regularly.

Know your family history

Hereditary factors may increase your chances of developing COPD, and if you have a family member with COPD, you should also be tested.

Remember vaccination

vaccination can reduce the incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle

It includes frequent hand washing, adequate sleep and sufficient moisture to protect the body. In addition, do not delay medical attention if your body is abnormal.