Congenital heart disease is one of the most common innate defects in newborns and children and refers to all diseases related to heart function. It is innate, there are defects at birth.The following are common problems with heart disease in children:
What causes there Congenital Heart Disease?
The cause of congenital heart disease is unknown, but several points have been identified as risk factors that increase the chance of developing congenital heart disease, as follows:
- Pregnant women suffering from inflammatory diseases such as German measles during pregnancy
- Pregnant women suffer from type 1 and 2 diabetes but are poorly controlled
- Down’s syndrome: it affects the physiological development and learning ability of newborns
- Other chromosomal lesions (Chromosome imeres)
- Congenital heart abnormalities in many fetuses can be diagnosed by ultrasound during pregnancy, but not all abnormalities can be detected.
Classification of Congenital Heart Disease
Congenital heart disease has a large number of patterns, sometimes accompanied by complications, symptoms and various further complications.
Here are the most common types of Congenital Heart Disease:
- A hole in the heart, usually between the ventricular and the atrium.
- Aortic stenosis, especially aorta stenosis than normal newborns.
- Arterial malformation, abnormal development of the aorta, pulmonary artery or arterial valve, cross-location.
- The pulmonary artery stenosis and the right ventricular outlet in the lower right of the heart, resulting in less blood flow to the lungs, less gas sent to the lungs for exchange, and less oxygenated blood back to the left heart.
Signs and Symptoms of Congenital Heart Disease
- Shortness of breath
- Fast Heartbeat.
- Cyanosis, blue skin or mucous membranes
- Excessive sweating
- Extremely tired and powerless / Fatigue
- Particularly weak or severe asthma during feeding
- These problems occur when a baby is born. Minor defects may not affect the normal life of the future.
Can congenital heart disease be cured?
Treatment of congenital heart disease depends on the severity of the clinical condition. Minor defects, such as arenas and ventricular diaphragm, will normally heal with age without special treatment or surgery, and will not cause trouble for future life.
Invasive treatment, such as surgery, is suitable for severe conditions.Today’s medical care is highly advanced that most abnormalities can be corrected. 80% of children with congenital heart disease can grow up to adults.
People with complex symptoms may need medication throughout their life. They will need specialized care from pediatric cardiologists and adult cardiologists. People with more severe conditions may not be able to have a normal life as life is restricted.These care plans are developed through discussions between parents, patients and cardiologists.
The birth of a child with a congenital heart disease is a matter of great fear for parents.However, today’s medical technology and equipment can diagnose most cardiovascular problems early, but accidents always occur, and no diagnosis is guaranteed to be 100% correct. Slightly comforting, most children with congenital heart disease can lead a happy and relatively healthy life through proper tracking and careful care of their families.