Fungal Pneumonia Explained – Causes and Symptoms: Fungal pneumonia is a lung infection disease caused by one or more opportunistic fungi.
Fungal infection is transmitted by inhalation of a human spore while breathing, which then causes a potential infection response. It is difficult to diagnose fungal pneumonia because it requires a combination of clinical, radiological, microbial and other factors.
The prognosis condition of each person, that is, the predicted development of the disease based on experience, is usually associated with the symptoms, severity, and whether it also affects the patient’s immune system and other factors.
How common is fungal pneumonia?
This disease is not common, but it can occur at any age group, in which men are more likely to have than women. To minimize the risk factors of this disease, consult a doctor for more information.
Symptoms of fungal pneumonia
What are the symptoms of fungal pneumonia?
Common symptoms of fungal pneumonia are as follows:
- Dry cough
- Chest tightness
- Difficulty breathing
- Coughing blood
- Abnormal swelling of lymph nodes and large bronchal obstruction
- Infection with Aspergillus and Candida spp.
In addition to the symptoms of the lungs, there are other symptoms such as meningoencephalitis, cerebral ulcers ( Brain abscess, Skin lesions, Endophthalmitis, also appear in liver, kidneys, muscles tissue, respiratory tract and sinuses, as well as systemic sepsis, which in turn affects blood and bone marrow.
Not all symptoms are listed in this article. If you still have concerns, consult a doctor.
When should I see a doctor?
If you have any of the above signs, symptoms, or concerns, consult a doctor because everyone’s condition is different, discuss with your doctor to find out what’s best for you.
Causes of Fungal Pneumonia
Currently, fungal infections present with more pronounced lung symptoms, as follows:
- Histoplasmosis: infection due to inhalation of fungal spores
- Coccidioidomycosis: Infected by inhalation of fungal spores, also known as Valley fever or San Joaquin fever Joaquin fever)
- Pulmonary blastomycosis
- Pneumocystis pneumonia: usually occurs in immunocompromised patients such as AIDS
- Sporotrichosis: It is a lymphatic skin disease, but also affects the lungs.
- Cryptococcosis (Cryptocosis): The yeast of the fungus can latent in the soil, pollute the soil, and then enter the air into the human respiratory tract to infect the lungs.
- Fungal infections cause invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis)
- In patients with poor immune system, signs of Candididiasis are rare after lung infection.
Risk factors for fungal pneumonia
There are many risk factors that can increase the incidence of fungal pneumonia, as follows:
- Myeloablative chemotherapy in patients with acute leukemia or lymphoma (myeloablative) chemotherapy)
- Bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
- Solid organ transplantation during immunosuppressive therapy
- Long-term corticosteroid therapy
- Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, AIDS)
- Prolonged neutropenia for many reasons
- Congenital immune deficiency syndromes
- After spleen removal (Postsplenectomy state)
- Potential properties of heredity
Diagnosis and treatment of Fungal Pneumonia
This article does not represent any medical advice. If you have any questions, please consult your doctor for more information.
How to diagnose Fungal Pneumonia?
There are many ways to diagnose fungal pneumonia. The easiest and inexpensive way is to take liquid from the patient’s respiratory tract and cultivate fungi, but this is not sensitive and time consuming. There’s also a major drawback, because the data show that the slower the diagnosis is confirmed, the higher the mortality rate of fungal pneumonia.
The other is microscopy, but it’s slow and less accurate, and the auxiliary detection method is the detection of antigens, which can be much faster, but is less sensitive than the first two. Accurate.
In addition to the above, Myconostica’s PCR assays (A molecular test based on quantitative) PCR quantization is based primarily on DNA testing, which is not only the most accurate and sensitive, but is limited to the detection of Pneumocystis jirovecii and aspergillus (Aspergillus).
How is Fungal Pneumonia treated?
Antifungal agents are always used for the treatment of fungal pneumonia. Depending on the specific isolated pathogens or clinically suspected pathogens, the doctor chooses the appropriate antifungal drugs.
There are many generations of antifungal drugs available, such as antibiotics, Triazole antifungal drugs, Echinocandins, etc. Amphotericin B is less commonly used, and when used, it is usually taken in a microlipid dosage form to reduce toxins.
Life adjustment and home remedy for Fungal Pneumonia
The following lifestyle and home therapies may help you fight fungal pneumonia:
- HIV patients use prophylactic antifungal drugs on a daily basis to avoid opportunistic fungal pathogens such as Cryptococcus neoformans.
- Prophylactic antifungal agents may also benefit patients with transplantation.
- Fluconazole is also shown to enable transplant patients to prevent invasive fungal infections.
- Patients who are likely to suffer from prolonged neutrophobia should avoid having potted plants, flowers, gardening, cleaning, construction, and even handling uncooked vegetables. Increases the risk of infection with fungal spores.
If you still have any questions, consult a physician to find out which way is best for your situation.