Hypertension is a dangerous health condition that can affect many physical complications. Many people do not know that the body has been hiding with high blood pressure. Therefore, high blood pressure is also known as “silent killer.” Next, we should understand our health status and knowledge of high blood pressure, which can help determine whether we are a high risk group of high blood pressure.

What is hypertension?

High blood pressure, as the name suggests, is an abnormally high pressure in the blood vessels, causing the heart load to send blood to the body. If blood pressure is in this condition for a long time, it will harm health. While there are no obvious symptoms of high blood pressure, and there are some cases of headache or vomiting, the best assessment is based on blood pressure measurements. If your blood pressure is above 140/90 mm/Hg, you may already have high blood pressure. The following units are all millimeters of water of the raksa.

Ideal values: systolic blood pressure 91~119, diastolic blood pressure 61~79.
Pre-hypertension: systolic blood pressure 120~139, diastolic blood pressure 80~89.
Hypertension: systolic blood pressure above 140, and diastolic blood pressure above 90.
Hypotension: Systolic blood pressure below 90 and diastolic blood pressure below 60.

What is systolic and diastolic blood pressure?

When measuring blood pressure, you will get two values: systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Systolic blood pressure is blood pressure when your heart contracts to send blood to blood vessels. Diastolic blood pressure is the blood pressure between each heartbeat. Measurement of blood pressure is expressed as “120/80 mm Hg” or pronounced. Blood pressure is 120/80″, which means that systolic blood pressure is 120 mm Hg and diastolic blood pressure is 80 mm Hg.

How to measure blood pressure?

In addition to being able to go to the hospital to ask a nurse or doctor to help measure blood pressure, some people are assessed by doctors to undergo pre-hypertension, suffer from high blood pressure, or have risks, and need to track blood pressure at home.

What are the risk factors for hypertension?

In addition, the patient’s recent health status, lifestyle, and family history are also indicators of hypertension risk, such as: unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, obesity, excessive drinking, smoking, etc. Will increase the risk of high blood pressure. While it is unlikely to change the age, or family history, of these innate factors, it can change life habits to reduce the risk of high blood pressure.