Hypothyroidism, also known as underactive thyroid, is a thyroid secretion function – Dysfunction of endocrine diseases makes an insufficient amount of essential hormones. However, because the thyroid gland controls the metabolism of the whole body, the hormones secreted by the thyroid gland can have an effect on the whole body, from heart, brain, muscle to skin. If there is insufficient hormones secreted by thyroid gland, it will slow down the entire body. Also, for women, this may negatively affect ovulation and affect fertility.
Hypothyroidism also concerns infertility
In the United States, 3% of women suffer from hypothyroidism, which may cause prenatal complications such as miscarriage, preeclampsia and premature birth if not treated properly during pregnancy. These negative effects also affect the fetus, and some studies have found that children with hypothyroidism have lower IQ, which experts believe is due to thyroxine affecting fetal brain development.
In fact, about 5~15% of women of childbearing age have this, and if they detect positive thyroid antibodies at prenatal checkup, she should do it every 4 to 6 weeks. Secondary thyroid hormonal index test to ensure that there is no hypothyroidism during pregnancy.
How to treat hypothyroidism
For women, treatment of hypothyroidism is related to pregnancy, but even after treatment for symptoms, infertility is still to be tested and patients need further medical assistance. In general, doctors prescribe levothyroxine (a synthetic thyroid hormone) for patients with it. Since most pregnant women requires different variation of doses, please remember to inform the doctor.
What to do after diagnosis of hypothyroidism
If you are diagnosed with hypothyroidism and you are thinking of getting pregnant at this point, consult a doctor to make sure your condition is under control. If you are suffering from it and are already pregnant, please inform your doctor as soon as possible, as your doctor will need to track the thyroid index closely. This process should cover the entire period of pregnancy to reduce the risk to ensure your baby’s normal development.