It is an inevitable process for most people to eat and find a job to maintain their lives. Although work brings money, you can also make investments or bet on what you like, but It also carries risks, which are more dangerous than work in the office, work sites or mines. This article describes the causes, symptoms, and treatment of Silicosis.
How silicosis is produced
Silicosis, a type of pneumoconiosis, is the main cause of silicosis, mostly from workplace influences, when the project progressed, it affects quartz, granite, clay and Crystal cutting, drilling, may make silicon dioxide (Silica) fluttering in the air. After inhalation, the body can not metabolize it normally, only deposited in the respiratory tract and lungs, causing scars caused by fibers , however, if the inhalation of silica does not reach a certain level, the symptoms are not obvious and patients may find it difficult to find themselves suffering from this.
Symptoms of silicosis
Silicosis does not occur at the process of inhalation. It usually takes several years to form an obvious symptoms. Once the symptoms appear, even if they are far away from silica, it will not improve. The following are 3 different types of symptoms of silicosis:
Exposure to high concentrations of silica for weeks to years can cause symptoms of acute phase silicosis. Patients may experience chest pain, dyspnea, fever, cough, weakness and weight relieves such symptoms, the death rate is higher.
Patients with low concentrations of silicon dioxide for more than 10 years are likely to develop this symptom. The initial symptoms are not obvious. It may only be cough and sputum. It is usually necessary to X-ray to detect the disease. Chronic silicosis patients may be unable to get rid of cough for a long time, or have swollen legs, bluish lips, and even have difficulty breathing during work.
In high concentrations of silicon dioxide for several years or more, onset earlier and worsened faster than chronic silicosis.
Silicosis can lead to reduced pulmonary immunity, which increases the chances of contracting associated lung diseases such as Tuberculosis, lung cancer and chronic bronchitis. It may also increase the number of autoimmune diseases such as Scleroderma, Rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus Probability of occurrence.
Treatment and prevention of silicosis
Unfortunately, current medical technology does not “cure” this. Once silicon dioxide enters the lungs and causes fibrosis, the process cannot be reversed. Therefore, treatment for silicosis focuses on To reduce symptoms and sources of pollution, here are some of the ways:
vaccination can reduce the chance of bacterial infection.
regular X-ray or CT scans to track changes and see if other complications occur.
Oxygen treatment: Oxygen treatment may be performed using an oxygen mask or nasal catheter if the oxygen content in the patient’s blood is too low or if breathing is difficult.
can expand the respiratory tract and make the patient’s breathing smoother.
Antibiotics: If bacterial infection occurs in the thoracic cavity, antibiotics are treated.
Quit smoking: For patients with silicosis, smoking can only worsen the health of the lungs, exacerbate the chances of inflammation and complications.
2Reduce the source of pollution
Protective work in the workplace is important. Wear proper protective equipment, exhaust equipment or wet work, etc., to reduce the harm of silicon dioxide to the human body.
If your working environment is prone to exposure to silica, or symptoms of cough or phlegm, please visit the hospital early to reduce injury to the lungs.