Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) can cause chronic and repeated inflammation. There are many different types of IBD, which affects different areas. In addition to its type, this article also describes its common symptoms.

Types and areas of impact of inflammatory bowel disease

The two most common IBD are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. As well as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease invades the colon, but it also hurts the ileum, the last part of the small intestine. Depending on the area of inflammation and the severity of the symptoms, ulcerative colitis can then be divided into the following:

Ulcerative proctitis

This is the slightest ulcerative colitis, usually near the anus.


The inflammatory site is in the rectum, sigmoid colon (at the end of the colon).

Left-sided colitis

Inflammatory sites from the rectum to the sigmoid colitis, descending colitis.


Affects the entire colon.

Severe acute ulcerative colitis

Also known as explosive colitis, a rare colitis that affect the entire colon.

What are the signs and symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease?

Inflammation of the intestinal layer becomes ulcers, which deprives the intestinal wall of its ability to handle food, waste, and absorb moisture, resulting in diarrhea, abdominal pain, and blood stool. Symptoms of IBD, whether ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, are sometimes pronounced and sometimes do not show any signs. But if there are symptoms, here are what can happen:

Abdominal pain/ Cramps
Nausea and vomiting.
Rectal bleeding
Unconscious weight loss
Fever, fatigue and fatigue
Reduced appetite
Other parts of the body may also be affected, such as eyes, skin and joints.
Inflammatory bowel disease is different from bowel fever!

These inflammatory bowel diseases are easily confused with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, IBS. The difference is that the former is caused by inflammation and the latter is caused by abnormal contraction of the intestinal wall.

Read: Risk and Cause of Inflammatory Bowel Disease