Insomnia refers to sleep interruptions that are difficult to fall asleep, and sometimes the problem is to wake up prematurely, not only in adults, but also in children. Overall, insomnia problems are associated with non-restorative sleep and impacted daytime operations.Insomnia can be classified according to the duration (short or long term), severity and frequency of the problem, which can occur from days to weeks and is likely to be caused by factors that will disappear (such as disease or short-term medication); prolonged insomnia may occur 3 times a week for up to 1 month or more.
What are the Symptoms of Insomnia?
Symptoms of insomnia include the following:
- Feeling sleepy during the day.
- Difficulty to fall asleep, feel sleepy, or wake up too early
- Feeling nervous or anxious when going to bed
- Problems, mistakes, or accidents in school due to poor concentration ability
- Depression, irritability or mood swings
- Excessive, aggressive, too short attention, poor memory
Causes of Insomnia in Children?
Children can have insomnia just as adults. The possible reasons are as follows:
Excessive fear and stress can lead to insomnia.
Drinking a caffeinated drink or other stimulant can have a bigger effect on children.
- Side effects of a specific drug: For example, drugs used for the treatment of hypersensitivity can lead to insomnia.
- Medical problems
Mental problems and other sleep disorders. Some diseases, such as fibromyalgia, muscle spasms, heartburn, etc., can cause insomnia.
- Environmental factors
Noise, heat, cold and light conditions in the bedroom will interrupt sleep. Make sure the bed and mattress are comfortable and the bedroom is tidy to reduce disturbance to the environment, which also includes not using electronics in the bedroom.
How to treat insomnia in children?
Treatment of insomnia in children is as follows
Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
Sometimes, it is necessary to ask a Cognitive Behavioral Therapist to work with the child and his family to try drug-free psychotherapy.In the long run, these methods are very useful and generally more beneficial to children.
Maintain good bedtime routine
This includes setting up a sleep schedule, e.g. staying away from caffeinated foods for 4 to 6 hours before bedtime. Do not smoke, and do not use other medications, and establish a routine to confirm that no arrangements are made for 1 hour before bedtime (e.g. watching TV, using phone, tablet or computer, doing homework, etc.)
Setting Bedtime Schedule
Adjust the bedtime schedule so your child can get the recommended amount of sleep. Depending on the age of the child, it is usually 9 to 11 hours per night.
Create a comfortable sleeping environment
Create a quiet, calm, comfortable (temperature set at about 24 degrees Celsius) and dimly lit bedroom where night lights can be used in the corners of the walls for children who are afraid of the dark. It is also recommended to remove the clock from the bedroom to remove the tension of time. Also, avoid arguing or discussing things that can cause anxiety before going to bed.
Teach your child how to relax
Lie in bed and take a deep breath, imagine something positive or other way of relaxation that may help to fall asleep.