Kidney stones are a common urinary tract disease. If you usually have insufficient water intake, urine is too thick and contains many substances, such as uric acid, oxalate, calcium oxalate, may form stones; there are two types. The first is stuck in the kidneys, the second is moving down the urinary tract and excreted with urine.

Early signs of kidney stones are not noticeable

Early sights do not feel pronounced symptoms because they are still small and do not cause pain through the ureter. However, as stones grow larger, they can hinder urine flow, causing pain in severe cases , and even the appearance of hematuria. Of course, the size of the stones is not entirely related to the degree of pain, whether they are large or small, as long as they stay in an area of the kidney, they can cause discomfort. Once they are moved in the kidneys or along the ureter, pain of varying degrees.

3 pain symptoms associated with kidney stone displacement

The symptoms of pain are associated with the displacement of stones. Many patients may feel the following types of pain, which may occur for a while and disappear for a few minutes, but reappear after 10 minutes, in some In the case, the pain intensity changes and the duration becomes longer, the pain intensity varies when the stones are in different locations. The following are the pain symptoms of the 3 types of kidney stones:

Severe pain in the back or lower abdomen side.
The pain spreads down to the groin.
Pain appears suddenly, and it hurts more and more over time.
7 Other Kidney Stones Symptoms

In addition to the above mentioned, there may be seven symptoms:

The feeling of difficulty in urination, small amount of urine, and even painful sensations.
Thin of urination.
Urine is cloudy and has a smell.
Frequent urine.
Blood urine.
Nausea and vomiting.
fever or chills.

Types of kidney stones

If stones fall out during urination, they can be kept and tested by a physician. The following types are for reference:

Calcium Stones
Struvite Stones
Uric Acid Stones
Cystine Stones

The following 6 points are the reasons of causing kidney stones:

Family or personal history

If someone in the family has kidney stones, other family members have a higher chance of developing new stones.

Insufficient water intake

If you drink insufficient daily, the risk of kidney stones increases. It is recommended to take 2 to 3 litres of water daily. If you live in a hot environment or sweat at work, remember Replenish moisture from time to time.

Attention to diet

If you eat only certain diets, which contain high sodium, high sugar, high protein, oxalate, animal protein and other foods, it is easy to increase the chance of developing it.

Obesity

Studies have shown that obese people have increased weight, increased BMI (Body Mass Index) values and increased waist circumference, and are closely associated with kidney stones.

Other diseases

Other physical diseases such as Cystinuria, Renal Tubular Acidosis, parathyroid gland Hyperparathyroidism, or urinary tract infections, may increase the risk of developing kidney stones.

Diagnosis of kidney stones

On how to diagnose nephrolithiasis, doctors often use the following two points:

Blood test

The doctor will confirm the concentration of uric acid and calcium in the blood. Excessive uric acid and calcium in the body may lead to kidney stones. The doctor may also ask to collect urine for 1-2 days and perform a test to confirm the urine substance.

Imaging

Physicians may use imaging such as tomography or X-ray to see if the ureter is obstructed. However, if the stones are small or hidden in some places, imaging may not be noticeable. After diagnosis, the doctor may ask the patient to use a special filter when going to the toilet. The function is to collect stones or stones fragments in the urine. This is very helpful for diagnostics.

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