Knowledge on Medicines – Antibiotics

Knowledge on Medicines – Antibiotics can eliminate or prevent bacterial growth and therefore treat diseases caused by bacterial infections. But it does not treat diseases caused by viruses, such as colds, or inflammation caused by bacteria. Different kinds of antibiotics are only effective for different bacteria. Antibiotics must be prescribed by a doctor before they can be purchased at a registered pharmacy.

Common antibiotics include the following five categories:

Penicillin and its derivatives
Tetracycline
Cephalosporins
Aminoglycosides
Chloramphenicol (This type of antibiotics is often used for manufacturing products for external use, such as eye drops and eye ointments)

What you need to know when you take your medicines – antibiotics

Antibiotics comes in the form of pills, capsules and water agents. The capsules should be swallowed whole. For liquid version, shake before giving to children for convenience.
Generally, medicines such as antibiotics should be used before meals for easy absorption.
Antibiotics should be taken as instructed by your doctor until they are done on time. During the course of taking the medicine, even if the condition is better, do not stop it unauthorised. Failure to eliminate bacteria that may still exist in the body may cause the bacteria to become resistant so that the disease cannot be eradicated when such antibiotics are used in the future.
Antibiotics should be regularly dosed until they are finished. If you forget to take the medicine, you should immediately replenish the amount you forgot to take, and then take the medicine at the next specified time. However, if it is almost up to the next time, it is not necessary to take the next dose. Do not take double dosage.
Do not increase or decrease the amount of antibiotics, as this may cause poisoning or affect the efficacy of the medicine.
Do not give your own medications to others. Similar symptoms do not represent the same disease, each person’s physical condition may not be the same.
Indiscriminate use will not only delay the condition, but may also be dangerous due to adverse side effects.
Some patients may have allergic reactions such as rash, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, headache, etc. Stop taking the medicine and consult a doctor if you have any of the above symptoms. If the severity of the side effects is increasing, or if you have questions about symptoms, you should immediately bring your medication to the Accident and Emergency Department.

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Life adaptation

There is no need for special withdrawal during medication. As the body is infected with bacteria, you should rest more and choose nutritious and digestible foods to help the body fight disease.
For pregnant or nursing women, pay special attention because certain antibiotics may affect the fetus or baby, consult a doctor if in doubt.

How to store drugs

Medicines should be stored in a cool and dry place. Except for special instructions on the labels of individual drugs, there is generally no need to be present in the freezer. In addition, medicines should be stored properly to prevent accidents caused by children taking them by mistake.

Read: Knowledge on Medicines – Drug Interactions with Foods and Beverages