Hypertension refers to prolonged, persistent, higher than normal blood pressure. Without proper treatment, hypertension can lead to serious complications such as stroke, coronary heart disease and kidney failure.

Patients with hypertension must take antihypertensive drugs for a long time. Although antihypertensive drugs do not solve hypertension completely, they can prevent heart failure, kidney failure, acute stroke and delay atherosclerosis caused by hypertension. In general, antihypertensive drugs must be taken for a lifetime.

Classification of drugs

The commonly used antihypertensive drugs can be divided into three main categories:

Diuretics

the effect is to achieve the purpose of hypotension by increasing urinal excretion. Common drugs are Hydrochlorthiazide and Indapamide.

Vasodilators

The function is to distinate blood vessels in the body to achieve the purpose of hypotension. Common drugs are nifedipine.

Other drugs

The effect is to regulate the function of the body to control blood pressure, so it can effectively control the blood pressure level. Common drugs are Metoprolol, Propranolol, Methyldopa and Captopril and so on. All antihypertensive drugs must be prescribed by a doctor before they can be purchased at a registered pharmacy and should be taken as directed by your doctor.

Side effects of drugs

The side effects of antihypertensive drugs vary by drug, and more common include the following transient reactions:

Headache, weakness or fatigue.
Feel vertigo when standing quickly from sitting or lying positions.
Fingers or toes feel numbness or tingling.
Cold hands and feet.
Eyes, mouth and throat dry.
have nightmares or sleep difficulties.
If this is the case, do not worry that most patients will gradually disappear after taking medication for some time. Consult a doctor if adverse reactions are found to persist or intensify.

Medication experience

Taking antihypertensive drugs, you need to pay attention to the following:

Know the name and dosage of the drug you are taking.
Take the medication regularly as instructed by your doctor to effectively control hypertension. Even if you feel that your condition is getting better, you need to continue taking your medication.
Do not stop taking the medicine yourself without the doctor’s instructions. Take the medicine at the same time as possible daily. If you forget to take the medicine, you should take the forgotten dose as soon as possible. However, if you need to take the next dose at that time, you should not take the next dose. Do not take double doses.
Do not take drugs with alcoholic beverages to avoid dizziness or fainting.
If you want to take other medications such as cough, cold and cough medicine, consult your doctor first to avoid affecting the efficacy of antihypertensive drugs. You can bring along with your medical history book or labeled medicine bag for your doctor’s reference during the consultation.
Do not put different drugs in the same bottle. Each drug should be placed in a container that was originally labeled.
The drug stock should be sufficient for several days. Do not dispensed at the last minute.

Living Adaptation

Patients with hypertension, in everyday life, should pay attention to the following:

Quit smoking.
Eat less salt and reduce pickled or processed foods such as sausages, pickles, chips, etc.
Reduce consumption of caffeinated beverages such as strong tea, coffee and cola.
Do regular exercise.
Maintain your ideal weight.
Learn to relax yourself because of anxiety, temper and excessive tension can lead to an increase in blood pressure.

Methods of storage of drugs

Medicines should be stored in a cool and dry place. They generally do not need to be stored in a refrigerator unless specified on the label of individual medications. In addition, medicines should be stored properly to avoid accidents caused by accidental use by children.