Upper respiratory tract infections which is a cold refers to the upper respiratory tract, i.e. infection in the nose, pharynx, throat, trachea and other parts. This is a very common infectious disease, and the cases are mostly minor. There are about 200 bacteria that attack the upper respiratory tract, and so far there is no effective vaccine or medicines to prevent it. Since most of the cases are caused by the virus, the antibiotic is ineffective and is usually restored within one week.

There is no cure for the cold, the most important thing is to have adequate rest to prevent the infection from spreading to the lower respiratory tract.

Common Medicines for cold

Painkillers

such as aspirin, paracetamol, etc. The effect is to reduce fever and reduce the symptoms of headache, muscle pain and so on. Medications can make the body sweat, and some can stimulate the gastric mucosa and cause stomach discomfort, so it is advisable to take it after meals. The market generally treats cold medicine, many contain the ingredients of such drugs. Therefore, special attention should be paid when taking medicine, if taken on an empty stomach too much, it may lead to stomach bleeding.

Antihistamines

The effect is to take dry nasal water and through nasal congestion. In addition, it also has anti-sensitivity effects and can be used to treat sensitive diseases such as nasal sensitivity and skin sensitivity. Such drugs can cause side effects such as drowsiness, thirst, and stomach discomfort. Therefore, you should drink more boiled water and take medicine after meals. At the same time, we should avoid drinking alcohol and avoid driving or dangerous work, and do not take sleeping pills, sedatives or antispas at the same time. For more information, consult a doctor, pharmacist or dispenser.

Cough potion

cold patients infected with bacteria, the respiratory tract will produce a large number of secretions, the formation of sputum cough phenomenon. The role of cough ingress is to remove sputum so that the bacteria can be excreted together. In addition, after the recovery of infection, some patients will still feel itchy throat, or because of external stimuli, such as smoke, dust, cold and so on and often want to cough, especially at night, affecting sleep, this phenomenon is commonly known as dry cough.

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Common cough potions can be divided into two categories according to their effects:

Expectorant

The effect is to increase the secretion of the respiratory tract, these secretions can not only protect the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, but also reduce the viscosity of sputum, so that its fluidflow increases, easy to discharge, indirectly contribute to the purpose of cough. Common lyphing drugs are Ammonium Chloride, Tincture of Ipecacuanha, Tincture of Senega, and so on.

Anti-cough agent

The effect is to suppress the central nervous system, in order to achieve the purpose of cough control, some cough agents contain a mild anesthetic ingredient codeine, can cause sleepiness, so take special care.

Other medicines for the treatment of colds include larynx, saliva, etc. The effect is to temporarily relieve the pain in the throat and relieve some of the discomfort caused by the cold.

Life adaptation

Suffering from cold, it is necessary to rest more, eat lighter and easy to digest food. If there is fever, should drink more fluid. To avoid crowded and cloudy public places, so as not to spread germs. If the throat is sore and there is a dry cough, you can drink hot boiling water, hot tea or steam in small quantities to reduce the discomfort caused by the swelling of the mucous membranes in the throat.

Prevention of colds and colds

There are more than 200 cases of influenza caused by influenza, and there is no disease to prevent. The way to reduce illness is to maintain a cheerful mood, adequate sleep and balanced nutrition to increase the individual’s immunity to the disease. At the same time should also pay attention to personal hygiene, home to maintain air circulation. In addition, try to avoid going to public places where the air is cloudy, when contact with people with colds and colds can be reduced from infection.

How to store drugs

Drugs should be stored in a cool and dry place and generally not in a freezer, except for special instructions on the labels of individual drugs. In addition, medicines should be stored properly to prevent accidents caused by children taking them by mistake.

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