Liver fibrosis (LF) is the result of the accumulation of excessive scar tissue, which is caused by inflammatory symptoms in most chronic liver diseases and dead liver cells Caused.
Liver fibrosis refers to excessive deposition of diffuse extracellular matrix (especially collagen) in the liver. It is not an independent disease. Many chronic liver diseases can cause liver fibrosis. It is divided into infectious, congenital metabolic defects, chemical metabolic defects and autoimmune hepatitis.
Usually when there is a trauma, the body’s reaction is to form scars. In the case of fibrosis of the liver, the healing process becomes difficult. When hepatocytes are damaged by viruses, alcohol, toxins, trauma, or other factors, the immune system begins to repair damage. During fibrosis, damaged liver cells release substances into the liver, causing scar tissue. The accumulation of.
Fibrosis is the early stage of the formation of scar tissue in the liver, and most people are asymptomatic because liver function still works well. However, as inflammatory symptoms and liver damage, scar tissues continue to accumulate and connect to each other, thereby destroying the metabolic function of the liver. If the condition continues, it may lead to Liver cirrhosis, severe scar of the liver, resulting in a significant decrease in blood flow in the liver, causing severe liver failure.
Usually, healthy liver is very soft, but after fibrosis, the liver becomes stiff and strong, and once it becomes cirrhosis, it may be hard as stones.
What is cirrhosis of the liver?
Cirrhosis is a common chronic liver disease that causes liver damage due to one or more causes. It presents progressive, diffuse, fibrosis, manifested by diffuse degenerative necrosis of hepatocytes, and then fibers. Tissue proliferation and nodular regeneration of hepatocyte nodules, these three changes are interleaved. As a result, the structure of the liver leaf and the blood circulation pathway are gradually modified, making the liver deformation and hardening.
Cirrhosis is the next stage of liver fibrosis. The higher the degree of fibrosis, the more severe it becomes. Cirrhosis is widely believed to be the final result of the liver’s response to lesions for months or years.
Once the liver is cirrhosis, fibrosis becomes even more unmanageable, it divides the liver into small modules (these are surviving, small liver cells). The recovery of the liver (which may also be called force majeure) is hampered, and at the stage of Atherosclerosis, the liver is contracted and cured.
What is the difference between liver fibrosis and cirrhosis?
Fibrosis of the liver is not a disease, but a process of disease, which are two different concepts. Liver fibrosis is an early manifestation of cirrhosis, and cirrhosis is the end result of fibrosis.
There are many factors that cause fibrosis, as well as fibers accumulate in the organs of the body. When the liver is fibrosis, it does not form different blocks in the liver, but when the liver is cirrhosis, a wall of separation appears. Liver fibrosis is relatively easy to treat, but cirrhosis can easily affect the patient’s life.
Therefore, if you suspect liver fibrosis, you should go to a well-received hospital to find out the cause of liver fibrosis. During treatment, care should be taken to protect the liver, avoid liver fibrosis, so that the condition does not develop cirrhosis, otherwise treatment will be more difficult.
How to prevent liver fibrosis and cirrhosis?
In the case of hepatitis (with obvious symptoms) or suspected hepatitis (fatigue, anorexia, dyspepsia, pain in the liver, etc.), patients should be examined for the disease and cause. On this basis, physicians will promptly and reasonably designate the treatment and provide advice on health, diet, lifestyle, etc.
In order to actively prevent disease, patients with chronic hepatitis need to perform liver function, liver ultrasound, etc., especially for α-fetal protein, a common protein in hepatocarcinoma. If you suspect liver cancer, you should treat it as soon as possible.
Do not drink alcohol
alcohol can worsen inflammation and accelerate cirrhosis and liver failure.
Use drugs with caution
many drugs can damage the liver, especially when taking them continuously. If the liver function is abnormal, when using the drug, it should be discussed with a doctor.
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle
including healthy eating and proper exercise. Good nutrition and exercise, in addition to improving physical health, also helps to overcome Depression.
Prevention of hepatitis
including vaccination, food handling, infection control procedures in the workplace, such as washing hands, wearing gloves, etc., keep safe sex life, do not share needles and syringes, avoid body piercing or tattooing , do not share toothbrushes, needles, or other items that may be in contact with blood.
If you have major hepatitis related symptoms such as loss of appetite, weight loss, weakness, swelling in the abdomen, yellowing of the skin and eyes (Jaundice), consult a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.