Nephropathy Patients: Phosphorus is the second largest mineral in the body after calcium. It is also commonly found in various foods and has a great impact on the function and health of the body. It not only helps filter waste in the body, but also repairs body tissues and cells. But everyone must be careful not to take too much phosphorus, especially in patients with kidney disease. The importance of phosphorus, foods containing high phosphorus, and risks associated with too much or too little phosphorus are described below.
The importance of phosphorus for human functioning
Phosphorus supports the normal functioning of kidneys, bones, muscles, blood vessels, etc., including
Produces energy to allow muscles to function properly.
Build strong bones and teeth.
Helps filter waste in the kidneys.
The mechanism for managing the human body’s storage and utilization of energy.
Generate, maintain, and repair tissues and cells of the body.
Components of genes such as deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are produced.
Assist in muscle contraction.
Maintain a regular heartbeat.
Promots nerve conduction.
Slows muscle aches after exercise.
Balance and use the vitamins and minerals you consume, such as vitamin B, vitamin D, iodine, magnesium, zinc.
Possible symptoms of too much or too little phosphorus
Phosphates is a form of phosphorus, usually found in baking materials, processed foods, and it is also a form of nutrient supplements to phosphorus. When phosphate is too high in the blood, it is called hyperphosphatemia , and when too little, it is called hypophosphatemia.
Some symptoms of hyperphosphorus are similar to those of hypophosis, such as arthralgia, muscle pain and muscle weakness. People with high phosphorus content also experience itchiness and redness in their eyes, and, in severe cases, severe constipation, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. When phosphorus is low and calcium and vitamin D levels are reduced, bone mass becomes fragile and leads to joint and muscle pain.
Currently Article: Nephropathy Patients Not Consume Processed Foods and Beverages
Recommended daily phosphorus varies by age
The amount of phosphorus you need per day depends on age; adults need less phosphorus than children aged 9 to 18, but more than children under 8 years old. The following is the Oregon State University, known for its research in vitamins and nutrients, Pauling Institute, recommended daily phosphorus intake for all ages:
Adults over 19 years old: 700 mg
Children aged 9 to 18:1250 mg
Children aged 4 to 8 years: 500 mg
1 to 3 years old children: 460 mg
7 to 12 months: 275 mg
0-6 months baby: 100 mg
Kidney function also affects phosphorus intake
In addition to the above recommended intake, the maximum amount of phosphorus that each person can take depends on the condition of kidney function. Nephropathy Patients with problems, such as Diabetes or Alcoholism, are particularly susceptible to excess phosphorus, and if you take Antacids, it is possible to cause too little phosphorus in the body.
A poor kidney can affect the phosphorus balance in the body because the kidneys can help remove excess phosphorus from the blood to maintain normal blood. But if the kidney is abnormal, the phosphorus in the body is too high, and the calcium in the body becomes too much. When there is too much calcium in the body, it is likely to harm the heart, blood vessels, eyes and lungs. Patients with kidney disease need dialysis (or dialysis) to remove excess phosphorus.
If there is an early kidney disease, or in nephropathy patients receiving dialysis, it may be necessary to limit the intake levels of phosphorus. However, almost every food contains phosphorus, so only foods with high phosphorus content can be avoided as much as possible.
Phosphorus content in food
Most people can get enough phosphorus through a regular diet. Few people need to supplement them with dietary supplements. Otherwise, excessive or low intake of phosphorus may lead to complications such as heart disease ( Heart disease, joint pain or fatigue, etc.
Foods with high phosphorus content
Beer and wine.
Nuts and seeds.
Fast food and snacks, such as burgers, potato chips, etc.
Processing cheese, such as cheese slices or cheese with sauce.
Processing meat such as ham, chicken nuggets, hot dogs, etc.
A wide range of seasoned drinks, bottled teas, energy or sports drinks, or drinks with a variety of powders.
Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, ice cream.
Soybean products such as soy milk, tofu.
It is sold in stores that can store bread or muffins for a long time.
Chocolate or caramel, including chocolate drinks and sweets.
Basically, when the diet contains enough calcium and protein, it is likely that you already have enough phosphorus because many foods with high calcium content have high phosphorus content.
Foods with low phosphorus content
Handmade meals made with fresh ingredients.
A small amount of Brie cheese and Swiss cheese.
Plain or low-fat cream cheese and Sour cream.
Pastries such as freshly made bread and muffins.
lean beef, as well as grazing or grazing mountain animal meat.
Freshly brewed coffee or freshly brewed tea from coffee beans.