Pneumonia is the leading cause of death in infants and young children. Although experts have raised awareness and conducted more research, it is still not well known. There are even a lot of myths and misunderstandings about this respiratory disease. This article will clarify five common mythologies of pneumonia to help the public better understand this deadly disease.
Myth 1: Pneumonia is just a heavy cold
In fact, a common cold is a viral infection that usually does not require urgent treatment, but simply a rest. However, pneumonia infection is caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi (including mold) in the lungs, which is much more severe than a cold and requires medical treatment. Common cold symptoms include runny nose, sore throat, sneezing, coughing, etc., usually heal after 1 to 2 weeks. At the beginning, symptoms are similar to colds, but if left unaddressed, they can lead to death. According to a research study, 50,000 adults worldwide, and more than 1 million children die from pneumonia every year.
Myth 2: Cold comes before pneumonia
There is no evidence that people living in the tropics are less likely to have pneumonia. The truth is that people tend to stay indoors in the winter, and many people gather indoors. It is an ideal environment for infectious pathogens and influencing the immune system, which is one of the reasons why this can suddenly endemic. Tropical areas are also a good environment for the development of pathogens. More cases of pneumonia can be triggered in densely populated and highly polluted areas. This includes some tropical countries with nutritional deficiencies.
In addition, pneumonia can be easily caught when standing in the vents or when your hair is wet, which is irrelevant, as is the reason for the weather.
Myth 3: Healthy people do not get pneumonia
People who are thought to have a poor immune system or who already have a disease will die due to pneumonia. In fact, there is a chance for everyone to be infected with it, many are physically strong and even professional athletes. So don’t ignore your symptoms, even if you think they are mild, it is important to get a doctor early and get a diagnosis.
Others think that this illness is only for the elderly. In fact, people of any age may have this, but older people and infants over 65 years of age are at higher risk because their immune system may be weak.
Myth 4: Pneumonia cannot be prevented
In fact, there are many ways to prevent this respiratory disease. The best way to prevent it is to treat it with antibiotics at the early stage of infection. In the case of a baby, completely breastfeed it during the first six months of birth. Nutrition, hygiene and avoid second-hand smoke or indoor baking and fireplaces, as well as vaccination, are effective ways to protect children and adults from pneumonia.
Myth 5: Pneumonia is not contagious
As explained in Myth 1, this respiratory illness can be caused by bacterial, viral or fungal infection in the lungs. It depends on which type of pneumonia is transmitted. But if the it is by a fungus, then it is not contagious and does not spread between people.