Cardiovascular disease is one of the world’s major diseases, with a high risk of death, and in the United States it is the second largest cause of death for athletes. Therefore, it is important to screen athletes for heart disease.
Research for Athletes
Athletes who participate in sports competitions have a high risk of cardiovascular disease. Experts explain that because training time and competition increase stress on the cardiovascular system, seven people died in sports competitions in the UK in a year. , which has attracted great attention from the sports world, physicians and public opinion. Most athletes die because of cardiovascular disorders. Among athletes over the age of 35, sudden death is caused by hereditary or malignant ventricular arrhythmia caused by coronary artery disease.
The researchers analysed data on 1,435 male athletes and 919 female athletes, whose average age was 27.6 years. Analysis showed that 171 athletes (equivalent to 7.3%) had structural abnormalities or cardiac electrophysiology. Of these 171 athletes, 6 were identified as life-threatening. Determined as coronary heart disease and dilated cardiomyopathy, myocardial cardiomyopathy disease, is one of the most common causes of sudden heart death.
Sudden death on an athlete
Atherosclerotic coronary disease is the most common cause of sudden death in athletes over 35 years of age, especially in men, while the most common cause of sudden death in young athletes is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, second The most common is coronary artery abnormalities, and the third is abnormal left ventricular hypertrophy. Cardiovascular disease can lead to sudden death due to cardiomyocarditis, drug abuse or injury.
Most cases of sudden death are due to hard work. Therefore, athletes are advised to check their health carefully before intense physical exercises. To ensure the safety of the race and the risk of cardiovascular disease, avoid taking part in too intense sports. For athletes with myocarditis, it is best to stop the game until the heart function is fully restored.
Confirmation of cardiovascular disorders in athletes can prevent sudden death. Currently, the most practical way is to increase and understand the pathological causes that can lead to sudden cardiovascular death and recommend screening plans to athletes. Ideally, screening should be conducted with the participation of physicians trained in this activity and should be screened once a year or every 2 years before training for sports activities. Evaluate new health conditions during this period, including a history of symptoms of heart disease, premature death or family history of specific heart disease, and problems related to drug abuse. Other examinations include blood pressure, cardiac stethoscope and consideration for further assessment, including ECG, cardiac ultrasound, etc.