Nutritional care is important for patients after surgery, but most patients with gastrointestinal surgery have very poor appetite after surgery, susceptible to malnutrition and poor immunity. What’s more noteworthy is that the diet after general surgery and abdominal surgery is different
Most common chronic abdominal pain
Diet after gastrointestinal surgery is more important because some patients have intestinal wounds, depending on the situation, in 93% of patients who have had abdominal surgery, intestinal sticking occurs ( Abdominal adhesions), so you cannot eat high-fibre or easily inflatable ingredients. Most gut adhesion does not present special symptoms, most often chronic abdominal pain, but if it becomes complete Bowel obstruction, it can be life-threatening and must be moved by surgery.
We will introduce the following principles of diet after abdominal surgery, but remind you that diet still depends on the surgery and the patient’s condition. Not everyone can eat the same way!
In order to heal the wound and slow down the gastrointestinal peristalsis, most patients usually have the patient fasting for a few days, and after exhaust, the gastrointestinal peristalsis has returned to normal, and After uprooting, you can start eating in small quantities and eat in order, from fluid, soft to mild foods.
After abdominal surgery, patients who can start eating early can start with an oil-free consommé that does not stimulate intestinal motility, and then take a small amount of fiber and nutritionally balanced fluid (liquid) food. For example, fish soup, filtered fruit juice, etc., but eating time and intake should be according to doctor’s order.
This refers to digestible, non-coarse fiber, soft and nutritious ingredients that are suitable for gastroenteritis, diverticulitis, inflammatory bowel disease, IBD, a chronic intestinal inflammation, and even The contents of the diet after oral surgery and throat surgery. This is a little different from the usual healthy diet, mainly for the refining of carbohydrates and canned fruits and vegetables, replacing fresh fruits and vegetables. For example, canned vegetables or meat (if too oil, please oil), fish, vegetable juice, white rice, white noodles, white bread, mashed potatoes, etc., fruits such as bananas, mango, avocado, etc. Drink water to help digestion (but not too much). During this period, it is necessary to avoid foods that are easily produced in the intestine, such as wholemeal bread, whole grain, corn, lettuce (especially broccoli, carrots, etc.), beans, nuts, and carbonated beverages.
After a lot of gastrointestinal function, you can start eating some more natural ingredients, but choose easy to digest, not easy to produce gas, low fiber and mild light, such as tofu, melon fruit, etc., to avoid high fibre, spicy or oily Food such as pears, corn, beans, bamboo shoots, dried radish, and avoid adding artificial colours or preservatives, such as compotes, curry and noodles.
Finally, remind patients to take a small amount of meals, do not eat enough, and remember the 4 principles of diet after surgery: hydration, protein, enough calories to maintain weight, and attention to nutritional balance.