Proteinuria :The circulatory system and kidneys help each other to maintain good health. The kidneys require many blood vessels to filter out waste and discharge liquid from the blood. When the vessels are damaged, oxygen and nutrients cannot reach the filtered nephroons, resulting in nephrogens malfunction, so high blood pressure (or hypertension) becomes a kidney disease, kidney failure, end-stage renal disease, or end-stage kidney disease. If hypertension is not treated, it can lead to narrowing, hardening or weakening of the arteries around the kidneys for a long time, so damaged arteries cannot carry enough blood into the kidney tissue. In addition, hypertension can damage kidney filtration. function, making the body difficult to exclude waste. If the patient is finally confirmed with kidney failure, he may have to undergo kidney transplantation or dialysis.

Symptoms of hypertension and kidney disease

Some cases may have a headache, however, many patients with hypertension have almost no symptoms. Similarly, early kidney disease shows almost no symptoms, but frequent urine, urinary foaming (proteinuria), and even fatigue, as the kidney filtration waste and salt function becomes weak, legs, ankles, etc. Edema occurs on the soles of the feet, and even hands and faces are found in the same condition.

Decreased kidney function may show the following symptoms

Nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite
Weight loss
drowsiness
Fatigue
Decrease of attention
Insomnia
becomes frequent urine or reduced urine
numb
shortness of breath
Darkness of skin tone
Chest pain
Muscle cramps

How to prevent Proteinuria

To prevent kidney disease caused by hypertension, the first step is to regularly measure blood pressure and confirm that your blood pressure is in good range. According to the National Health Department of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, normal blood pressure is less than 120/80 mmHg , meaning systolic pressure <120mmHg, diastolic pressure <80, if Blood pressure is between 120~139/80~89 mmHg, which is a warning period. If there is no continuous control of blood pressure, it is derived from hypertension, which is higher than 140/90 mmHg, it is recommended that you urgently need help from a doctor.

Dietary health is also critical, and your doctor may recommend that you adopt the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension, lowering blood pressure diet), Dexu diet also means taking more types of vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low sodium foods, and avoiding fatty and high cholesterol foods. Regular and proper exercise habits help maintain normal blood pressure and avoid health risks. Consult a healthcare professional to find out which exercise is best for you. Take a half-hour walk every day , or engage in moderate activities such as cleaning houses, bowling, or gardening.

How to treat Proteinuria

The most important treatment is to control blood pressure, with drugs that reduce blood pressure and protect the kidneys, such as Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitors, ACEI and Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker, ARBs, etc.

Read: Which Drugs Can Damage and Harm The Kidney?