Psoriasis is a recurrent chronic skin disease that forms dry silver plaques when skin cells grow too rapidly and accumulate on the surface of the skin. Severity is mild or heavy, and may cause severe itchiness, but it is not contagious. Skin wrinkles between fingernails, toenails, scalp, face, elbows, hands, knees, feet, chest, lower back and buttocks are easily affected.

How common is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is common. Discuss with your doctor how to deal with this.

What are the symptoms of psoriasis?

Signs and symptoms of psoriasis vary from person to person. The common ones are:


Skin erythema covered with silver scales
Small scaly spots (common in children)
chapped skin, which may easily bleed
Itchy, burning, or soreness
Thickened, sunken or rough nails
With swelling or stiffness of joints, 1/4 of people suffering from severe psoriasis may have arthritis.
There may be other symptoms that are not listed, so consult a doctor if you have any concerns.

When do you see a doctor for Psoriasis?

If you suspect that you have psoriasis, or if you have the following conditions, you should consult a doctor and discuss with your doctor:

Discomfort and pain.
Joint problems such as pain, swelling or inability to move freely.
Skin appearance begins to be worrying
Difficulties in engaging in daily affairs
Every person’s body reacts differently, and consultation with a doctor is always the best way to medical care.

Causes of psoriasis

Psoriasis can be caused by small wounds, stress, infection, exposure to cold and dry climates, obesity, heredity, or other autoimmune system diseases. It can sometimes appear without any apparent cause of the attack. The above can only be a cause of psoriasis. The exact cause of psoriasis remains unknown, but it may be an abnormal autoimmune system response.

Risk factors for psoriasis

The following factors may increase the risk of developing psoriasis or worsen existing psoriasis symptoms:

Wounds on the skin such as cuts, abrasions, insect bites and sunburn.
Hormonal changes, especially in women, such as puberty and menstral.
taking certain medications, such as Lithium, Antimalarial, Ibuprofen, ACE inhibitors, Beta blocker.
HIV
Smoking and excessive drinking
Exposure to cold and dry climates
Stress, sore throat, obesity, genetic, other infections

The above factors are for reference only. Failure to be exposed to risk factors does not mean that there is no psoriasis. Please consult your doctor for more information.

Diagnosis and treatment of psoriasis

The following information is not a medical diagnosis, be sure to consult your doctor for more details.

How to diagnose psoriasis?

The physician can diagnose by the appearance of the skin, nails and scalp. When the diagnosis is unclear, it may also be possible to sample living samples, for example by removing a small piece of skin.


How to treat psoriasis?

Psoriasis cannot be cured, but receiving treatment can help control the condition. Avoid things that cause psoriasis and use prescription medications to control and relieve symptoms.

Mild to normal psoriasis can be used with local creams, lotions, shampoos, and ointment containing tar to reduce inflammatory reactions such as redness, peeling and itching. Some psoriasis conditions that have developed to moderate to severe may require steroids and other anti-inflammatory drugs. Other treatments include salicylic acid in mineral oils, PUVA phototherapy, immunosuppressive drugs such as killing cancer Tablets, Methotrexate, or oral A acid, Isotretinoin, antihistamines (anti-itching), and antibiotics to avoid secondary bacterial infections.

When should I see a doctor?

Signs of inflammation, such as redness around the lesion, purulent, pain, swelling, lymph nodes, fever.
The lesion deteriorates, or new lesions occur even after treatment.
Skin purulent, accompanied by fever, fatigue, muscle or joint pain swelling.
Life adjustment and home therapy for psoriasis

The following lifestyle adjustments with home remedies may help prevent and cope with psoriasis:

Protect yourself from getting sunburn
Avoid injury or excessive dryness of the skin
Bath products made from oat flour
Discuss all medications in use, including non-prescription drugs, and follow your doctor’s instructions and return regularly.
Keep skin clean and hygienic, always pay attention to bacterial infections.

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