The most important part of the digestion process is the intake of nutrients from the food, but you may not know that the body removes toxins from the food during digestion, which is the most important function of the colon. in addition to moisture, the waste that forms feces must be removed to keep your body healthy, so when you have Colorectal cancer, these is less effective and the resulting toxin waste can threaten your life, so the following lists the functions of the colon and colorectal cancer What are the symptoms?
What are the functions of the colon?
Compared to the small intestine, the colon is thicker but shorter, and the muscle wall of the colon is about 1.8 meters long, with an average diameter of about 5 cm. Through Peristalsis, the function of the colon is to remove toxins from the intestine, blood and lymphatic system activated by the colon. The whole process takes about 12 to 36 hours, and the colon is the very end of the digestive tract.
What is the structure of the colon?
The colon is divided into 4 parts
ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon. The colon is located at the lower right of the entire abdominal cavity. The nutrients are absorbed by the small intestine and the first part of the ascending colon is the intestine, which extends from the intestine up to the liver, and then from left to right, in the lateral section of the abdominal cavity. The descending colon is called transverse colon, which extends from the left side of the abdominal cavity to the pelvic cavity, while the colon from the spleen to the pelvic cavity is called sigmoid colon, which is the final path of human waste.
When digestive material passes through the colon, it becomes waste or feces, and then accumulates in the sigmoid colon, which enters the rectum with the intestinal peristalsis 1-2 times a day. The colon absorbs the moisture and minerals of digestive substances and forms the shape of feces, which are then discharged by the body. The colon contains nearly 60 kinds of bacteria to help the body digest and produce important vitamins to maintain acid-base balance and avoid the spread of harmful bacteria.
Bacteria in the colon play an important role, such as converting food into folic acid, vitamin K and vitamin B. The two common bacteria in the colon are Bacillus coli, B. acidophillus. People with normal colon function, will experience 2 to 3 times a day intestinal peristalsis, most of the intestinal peristalsis after meals, in order to promote defecation, normal feces should be light brown, long bars, should not smell, and in the Matong infused After the sewer will dissolve.
Symptoms of colorectal cancer?
Colorectal cancer is one of the most common cancers that are at high risk of death, occurring in the colon or back of the colon near the rectum. According to The World Cancer Research Fund International, WCRF, the World Cancer Research Fund In 2012, nearly 1.4 million people suffered from colorectal cancer, the top three cancers.
Polyps are abnormal hyperplasia of the colon or rectal walls, generally benign, non-cancerous tumors. However, some polyps may turn into cancer, but they are rare. There are many types of polyps, including Adenomatous polyp, which may be transformed into cancer, a pre-cancer lesion, and other Hyperplastic polyps and Inflammatory polyps. The American Cancer Society points out that polyps, although not a typical pre-cancerous lesion, should be considered as a sign of cancer; therefore, some physicians work to prevent In case, all polyps will be removed.
Colon dysplasia is a microscope with abnormalities in the inner wall of the colon. Although it is not cancer, it does have the chance to become cancer. Especially in patients with Ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease, colon polyps may be Transformation into an abnormal colorectal differentiation
Irritable bowel syndrome is a disease of intestinal dysfunction. will cause spontaneous contraction of your colon or muscle movements in the inner wall of your bowel.
The function of the colon is that the intestine absorbs the nutrients of digestive substances and discharges toxic waste from the body. Please consult your doctor if you want more advice.