SARS Explained: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) is a type of pneumonia. The disease first appeared in China in November 2002, and in just a few months tourists and Chinese people traveling abroad took SARS to 29 countries around the world.
Although 90% of patients infected with SARS will recover, they can still die without proper treatment. Therefore, the authorities immediately advocate preventive measures, identification of the disease, diagnosis and recommendation to isolate the patient.
SARS disappeared in July 2003, and since 2004 there has been no cases of the disease.
Diabetes, heart disease, or weak immune system and SARS are more likely to cause complications and death.
What are the symptoms of SARS
Infection with SARS may present early signs of Influenza, such as fever above 38°C; then chills, trembling, muscle pain, headache, dry cough or fatigue; more severe symptoms Including severe pneumonia and reduced blood oxygen (insufficient oxygen in the blood). Some symptoms may not be listed, please consult a doctor if you have any concerns about the symptoms.
Current article: Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SARS Explained
When should I see a doctor for SARS?
Patients with SARS symptoms such as high fever, muscle pain and cough must be hospitalized immediately, especially those with heart disease, hypertension or diabetes, accompanied by SARS symptoms, so as to prevent development of complications. Consult a physician if you have any of the above signs or symptoms, or if you have any problems. Each person’s body response varies, so talk to your doctor about the most appropriate treatment.
Where did SARS come from? How did it start?
SARS is caused by coronavirus, bats and fruit beats are considered to be infectious agents which can make you sick if you inhale the contaminated air. SARS may also be infected if the following close contact: contact with SARS patient’s mouth, tears, urine and faeces; hug, kiss or share with the infected person; contact with surface with SARS virus; door knobs, elevator buttons, etc.
Risk factors for SARS
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome SARS has a number of risk factors, such as:
Exposure to people or animals carrying coronavirus.
Going to the region or country where SARS broke out.
Without washing hands before and after eating, poor personal hygiene habits.
Diagnosis and treatment of SARS
The information provided here is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please discuss with your doctor for further information.
How do I diagnose SARS?
Your doctor will ask about possible routes of transmission, such as recent travel and history of exposure.
Conduct blood tests and stool tests to see if there are coronavirus or viral antibodies in the blood or feces.
Radiography or CT imaging may be required if your doctor suspects complications such as bronchitis or pneumonia.
How to treat SARS?
There is no treatment for SARS. If infected with SARS, doctors will only use antiviral drugs, oxygen therapy, physiological therapy, antibiotics and antiviral toxins to prevent other diseases. Antiviral drugs can not treat SARS itself, only prevent other viruses from entering the body. If symptoms of pneumonia are present, an additional anti-inflammatory steroid is given.
Methods of preventing SARS spread
There are several ways to prevent SARS propagation:
Do not travel to areas where the SARS outbreak is out of control, please refer to the latest information on the site for the list and level of the outbreak.
To reduce the risk of SARS infection, avoid direct contact with SARS patients and wait for at least 10 days for the patient’s SARS symptoms to disappear.
To prevent the spread of the virus, it is important to do the following 5:
Wash your hands thoroughly and properly using soap or detergents containing alcohol.
Cover the nose and mouth, whether sneezing or coughing.
Avoid sharing food, drinks, and utensils with others.
Use disinfectants regularly to clean various supplies.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome can be contagious, so n some cases, it is best to wear gloves, masks and goggles to prevent SARS from spreading.