Sperm motility refers to the concentration and percentage of sperm moving forward. Since only healthy sperm with forward movement is likely to have normal viability and fertilization. Vitality is closely related to female fetal rate, which is the main indicator of routine tests that assess sperm quality.

The vitality of sperm is closely linked to daily life. People who often smoke and drink alcohol tend to have weak sperm vitality, and people who lead a sedentary people can also lead to low sperm vitality.

Pay attention to your lifestyle

Sperm motility affected by smocking
Photo by Luan Nunes on Pexels

Nicotine in tobacco affects sperm vitality through direct and indirect damage to sperm. Long-term alcoholics can directly and indirectly affect the motor ability of sperm, including cosmetics and medicines. The cause of weak spermatosis is not fully mature or damagely thinning, resulting in poor sperm quality, weak mobility; small amount of semen; sperm variation, such as epidermis, sperm cyst, prostate, etc., acidity, oxygen supply, nutrition, metabolism, etc. are not conducive to sperm activityAnd survive.

Low sperm motility

Low sperm vitality, also known as hypospermatosis, is one of the most common causes of male infertility. Normal fertility should be over 70% of active spermatosis, or abnormal if active spermatosis is less than 50%, i.e.Symptoms where the forward movement of sperm (a and b levels) is less than 50% in the sperm parameters or less than 25% in the sperm level a movement is dead sperm if the sperm is completely inactive.Sperm hypoactivity is also known as asthenospermia.

Male patients with weak spermatosis can have no obvious systemic symptoms. They are usually found through a spermatosis examination when visiting the hospital due to prolonged infertility after marriage.However, some patients see impotence, decreased libido, chills, fatigue, low knee acid, unpleasant breath, poor urination, and dry mouth.

Patients with low sperm vitality are best informed by routine analysis and history of sperm vitality, such as whether there are varicose veins, reproductive tract infections, etc.symptomatic treatment of the etiology.

Factors affect sperm motility

Tobacco and alcohol can damage the sperm

Nicotine in cigarettes can harm sperm, reducing the amount of sperm count in male sperm and increase the rate of malformed sperm. Alcohol can lead to weak reproductive function, as it can cause chromosomal abnormalities, and fetal malformations.

High temperature can cause damage to the testicles

Men should try to avoid staying too long in high temperatures, such as bathing in saunas and bathing in hot water.

Avoid contact with drugs that can hinder sperm growth

Sedatives, sleeping pills, anticancer drugs, are packed with chemicals and hormone drugs, which can hinder sperm growth. Therefore, men should avoid long-term and large exposure to such drugs.

Radiation also affects the quality of sperm in men

Some of the marble, tiles, granite, in toilets or  used in home decoration may contain ultra standard rays.Electromagnetic waves, microwave, infrared, ultraviolet, ultrasound, laser, etc. are non-ionizing radiation. These physical factors have a thermal effect and can cause damage to the reproductive glands.

Using laptops

Laptop on lap can reduce sperm count
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Researchers published in Human Fertility magazine show that the maximum internal temperature of the laptop can be over 70 degrees celsius; the laptop can be kept on both legs for extended periods of time can leave the scrotum area can also reduce the number of sperm count, especially in teenage boys and young men.

Physiological factors

Vitamin Deficiency

Zinc deficiency, selenium deficiency is a very important cause of low sperm vitality. Zinc and selenium binds to protect the sperm membrane and delay the lipid oxidation of the sperm membranes, thus maintaining the stability of cell structure and physiological permeability, so that the sperm has good activity and growth ability.

Reproductive Infections

Reproductive infections make sperm components change zinc, magnesium, citric acid, fructose reduction and pH rise will affect sperm vitality and growth ability.

Immune factors

Antisperm antibodies (AsAb) can affect the sperm’s fertilized function from several different ways. The effect on the vitality of sperm comes from the binding of AsAb to the tail of sperm, resulting in impaired vitality, reduced motor ability and poor penetration ability, which has been achieved by the presence of antisperm antibodies against the tail of sperm, the ability to penetrate cervical mucus has been demonstrated by a marked decrease.

Varicose veins

Due to the testicles, epidites blood circulation disorders, resulting in hypoxia, local temperature increase, toxic substances accumulate, will have a negative effect on the sperm function of the testicles, making sperm morphology and lower sperm activity.

Long-term abstinence

Long-term non-ejaculation often leads high sperm density. Check your semen’s level of abstinence 5 to 7 d is desirable.

Abnormal Semen liquefaction

Semen does not liquify and high viscosity is also one of the causes of male infertility.

Long-term illness

Although the standard of living of this generation is getting higher and higher, the society is also improving, but the competition and pressure in our daily life is also increasing. Many men are busy at work, some could be depressed, while others suffer both mentally and physically. This causes a lot of male diseases, chronic illness, lack of time for treatment, which exacerbates the symptoms and affect the vitality of sperm.

Other factors

Frequent smoking, long-term alcohol consumption and high temperature, radiation occupation and exposure to chemical toxins in men can cause reduced sperm vitality.

Read: What is the Taste and Color of a Healthy Semen?