Both children and babies are likely to have stroke and cause brain damage and physical disability. If your child has symptoms similar to stroke, call 911 immediately. Upon arrival at the hospital, the medical staff will conduct various tests to check for a stroke.The following are the methods for diagnosing a stroke that a child may experience in a hospital.
Examination of basic health conditions (such as family history)
Familiarity with a child’s history helps physicians to determine the underlying cause of stroke. When you visit a doctor, a medical practitioner may ask the following questions:
- Whether there were any complications during pregnancy
- Family history of parents and relatives
- Children’s medical history and other medical conditions, such as infection, trauma, etc.
- Symptoms before a child is sent to a hospital
- If you notice any changes in your child’s normal behavior, please inform your doctor
Computed tomography or MRI imaging
Physicians may recommend computed tomography or MRI imaging to observe brain tissue, blood flow, and other fluid states in the brain. The doctor looks at the scan to determine whether the cause of the stroke is thrombosis (ischemic stroke) or brain hemorrhage (hemorrhagic stroke). Doctors sometimes use dyes to make the image clearer.
More than one kind of blood test
Your doctor may do a blood test for any problems related to blood cell count, coagulation system, infection or chemistry to understand the cause of the stroke. For this reason, children may have more than one blood test.
Catheter angiography: Dye+X-ray
Catheterized angiography checks the state of the blood vessels of the brain and lets doctors know if there is a problem with the brain vessels. For this examination, the doctor injects a special dye into the artery and uses X-rays to capture blood vessels.
Viewing cardiac movements with ultrasound
Cardiac ultrasound can show the movement of the heart and help physicians understand if a child has thrombosis, infection, or cardiac structure problems that can cause stroke.
Check your heart’s arrhythmia with an ECG
In the ECG test, a special patch is attached to the child’s chest to measure the current state of the heart.This test determines whether a child is causing a stroke due to a heart arrhythmia problem.
Check if brain current is too large with a brain wave graph
During the brain wave test, the doctor will attach a wire patch to the child’s scalp and connect to the machine.The machine displays brain wave information for a child, which can help physicians understand if the child’s brain has too much current, which is the symptom of a stroke.