Toddler Cough – Types, Causes and Home Remedies: When your toddler is sick, or their body tries to fight off a disease, it causes cough. Cough can be a signal of respiratory infections, or other respiratory diseases such as asthma. When mucus or sputum sticks to the trachea, your child may find breathing difficult. In this case, cough can help clear the respiratory tract and allow air through the trachea to enter the lungs.
Types of Cough
- Dry cough
Dry cough is without the presence of secretions due to asthma, upper respiratory tract infections such as colds or flu, or inflammation of the lower respiratory tract, and bronchitis or pneumonia.
Children with a ‘crunchy cough sound’ may suffer from swelling of the upper trachea or mid trachea, which may cause them to cough sounding like a closed bark, or when breathing, wheezing can be heard. During auscultation, the voice of the throat will be very noticeable. This symptom corresponds to airway stenosis and is dangerous for hypoxia.
- Wet Cough
Infection and asthma can lead to wet cough, and mucus is found in the lower respiratory tract, which will gush up a large amount of sputum.
- Whooping Cough or Pertussis / Croup Cough
This is a bacterial infection of the nose and throat in children. Symptoms may be the same as a common cold, but will continue to worsen in the next 7-10 days.Y our child may quickly emit 5 to 15 times of severe cough in a short period of time, then they may breathe deeply and occasionally make a “hissing” sound.
Complications of Cough
If your child suddenly starts coughing, breathing difficulties, or grabbing their throat, there may be something stuck in the throat or trachea. If they are older than 1, Hamrik’s first aid (Heimlich, abdominal thrust) can help. Call an ambulance immediately if your baby is under 1 month old and has pronounced respiratory impairment, loss of consciousness, seizures, etc.
If it is not asphyxia, other serious symptoms such as vomiting, chest pain, asthma, allergic reactions, sinus infection, fever exceeding 37.8 degrees Celsius (100 degrees Fahrenheit) and 72 consecutivehours or more, or constant cough for more than 3 weeks, etc. can be observed.
Treatment of Cough
To relieve a child’s cough, you can refer to the following 5 ways:
- Give your child a hot drink or soup, which can relieve chest pain, congestion or irritation and prevent mucus thickening.
- Let your child use a humidifier, shower with warm water, or place a wet towel in the child’s bedroom so that he can breathe in the damp air.
- If your child has dry cough, let them breathe cool air and don’t let them exercise as this can make their cough worse.
- Use of non-prescription cough drugs, especially expectorant cough and regular cough drugs.
- Take a DTaP vaccine for your child as it prevents whooping cough.