Type 2 diabetes is an adult diabetic and still has Insulin secretion, but because of insulin resistance, resulting in persistent high blood glucose levels, diabetes patients are unable to enjoy foods containing starch or sugar, including healthy and nutritious fruits. Although fruits are generally sweet, you can only eat certain fruits. You must choose fruits with low Glycemic index (GI), and eat the right amount in moderation.
Diabetes patients can eat these 6 low GI fruits
Generally speaking, GI values below 55 are low, while GI values above 70 are high GI foods. Low GI foods are best suited for diabetes patients when controlled. Fruits are rich in fiber, antioxidant and a variety of nutrients, making them the perfect alternative as desserts.
A dietitian in Endocrinology and Diabetes at Thomas Jefferson University, said it is better to eat fruit with a small amount of protein or fatty food, such as nuts or sugar-free yogurt. Here are 6 low GI fruits suitable for diabetes:
Apple: With skin
In addition to rich in fiber, apple peel contains a lot of polyphenol, which is an antioxidant phytonutrient. So eating the skin is the most ideal, but only limit yourself to eating one medium sized apple to avoid excessive sugar intake.
According to data from the National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) in the United States, Apple’s fiber can slow down the absorption rate of blood sugar.
Tomato: Eating raw tomatoes reduces blood pressure in type 2 diabetes patients
Both raw and cooked tomatoes contain Lycopene, which can reduce cancer, especially prostate cancer, heart disease and macular degeneration. It has been found that eating 200 grams of raw tomatoes per day reduces blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes and may also help reduce cardiovascular risk associated with type 2 diabetes.
Grape: antioxidant containing polyphenols can improve inflammation in the body
Department of Nutrition Sciences, University of Alabama at Birmingham. Courtney Peterson, states that grapes are rich in antioxidant polyphenols that can improve inflammation caused by diabetes. According to Nutrients, polyphenols in grapes may also help control blood sugar levels.
Current article: Type 2 Diabetes – Fruits That You Should Eat
Grapefruit: Half of the fruit only.
Eating half a grapefruit a day, is a good choice. Grapefruit is a very low GI fruit, but remember to eat fruit directly, don’t drink the so-called juice version. According to research published by Experimental and Clinical Sciences International , if you continue to eat fruit containing vitamin C, you can control body weight, and studies show that grapefruit can increase the use of blood sugar in your body.
Avocado: low sugar and better unsaturated fats
Avocado has a low sugar content, but a high fat content. According to the guidelines of the Lancet Journal, unsaturated fat in avocado and other vegetable: More suitable for patients with diabetes or prediabetes than saturated fat of animal nature.
Berries: rich in vitamin C and antioxidants
Berries such as strawberries, blueberries, blackberries or raspberries are suitable for diabetic patients. They contain lots of vitamin C and fiber, and are also rich in antioxidants to fight inflammation and reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer. It also protects vision.