Pregnancy tests can be performed in two ways, one by urine tests and the other by blood tests. Both tests are tested by human chorionic gonadotropin hCG in women. Once the embryo is attached on the endometrium, the placenta begins to manufacture the human chorionic gonadotropin. A few days after conception, the concentration of chorionic gonadotropin in the body increases, causing symptoms of pregnancy in the mother.

Urine Pregnancy Test

Pregnancy tests can be performed at home or in a hospital. There are two ways to collect the urine, put the test stick in the urine container, or soak it while urinating. Both methods require different lengths of time to get results. Changes in color, line and symbol of the Pregnancy Test Bar represent different pregnancy test results. Some new digital pregnancy tests may even show “Pregnant” or “Not Pregnant” in text directly.

When is a urine pregnancy test suitable?

Please do a urine test a day after your supposedly late menstrual date. You can also take it in the second week. In addition to this, there are other reliable tests that can detect pregnancy earlier.

Is the urine pregnancy test accurate?

Your urine pregnancy test at home is 97% accurate if you follow the correct procedure.

Advantages of urine pregnancy test:

  • Can easily be done at home
  • Simple and easy to use
  •  Highly affordable
  • Protection of personal privacy
  • Get your pregnancy test results immediately

Disadvantages of urine pregnancy test:

If you do not follow the correct procedure, the results of the test may not be accurate. Therefore, if your test results are negative and you still have symptoms of pregnancy, it is possible that you are actually pregnant. Please contact your doctor for an examination or wait 1 week for the test again. The symptoms of pregnancy include fatigue, breast sensitivity, nausea, etc.

Blood Pregnancy Test

There are two types of blood tests: qualitative and quantitative blood tests. In a quantitative blood test, the doctor measures the exact concentration of chorionic gonadotropin in the blood, while in a qualitative blood test you only know if you are pregnant.

Advantages of blood pregnancy:

A blood test can be used to test pregnancy earlier than a urine pregnancy test, without waiting for another 7-12 days.
This also allows to determine the concentration of chorionic gonadotropin in the blood. This data allows your physician to know if you have any problems with pregnancy.

Disadvantages of blood pregnancy test:

  • You have to go to the hospital.
  • More expensive than urine pregnancy tests
  • It takes longer time to know the results.

READ: Pregnancy After the Age of 30 – Benefits and Disadvantages