Vitamin K Deficiency in Infants

Vitamin K has an important effect on the body’s coagulation function, and if your blood does not coagulate properly, abnormal bleeding may occur. Babies need more nutrition than adults, and if they lack vitamin K, the risk can be more serious! So, this article will explain the symptoms of Vitamin K Deficiency in your baby and how to get enough vitamin K for your beloved little one.

Symptoms of Vitamin K Deficiency

Virtually, all babies are born with low levels of vitamin K, but in the days after birth, vitamin K will rise rapidly enough to inhibit bleeding, although some newborns may still have Vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKDB), which can cause abnormal blood coagulation and may occur on the babies and unexpectedly cause bruising or bleeding; this symptom usually occurs within 12 weeks after childbirth. Early warning can be seen as there will be some bleeding in residual end of the nose, mouth or umbilical cord, bottom.

Vitamin K Deficiency in babies
Photo by Ben_Kerckx on Pixabay

However, some babies with vitamin K deficiency do not have these visible early warning signs, but if the first bleeding occurs in the brain or intestine, it’s dangerous because it’s internal bleeding and it’s hard to detect, hence, may be more likely to pose a risk to life.

The following are the three conditions for vitamin K deficiency bleeding (VKBD):

  • Early onset Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding: symptoms of bleeding occur within 24 hours of birth.
  • Typical Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding: bleeding symptoms occur within 1 week after birth.
  • Late Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding: symptoms of bleeding occur at the age of 2 to 12 weeks.

Please note that babies who drink breast milk are more likely to suffer from vitamin K deficiency bleeding than those who drink formula because formula milk contains more vitamin K. Although some mothers might be taking a high vitamin K diet, the Vitamin K content doesn’t affect much, but this also doesn’t mean that you need to change your baby’s formula. Physicians recommend that all babies should be given vitamin K supplements at birth, even if they drink formula.

How to ensure your baby gets enough Vitamin K

Physicians recommend that your baby be given vitamin K nutrient injections after birth. This is the fastest and most effective way to prevent the occurrence of vitamin K deficiency bleeding. If you choose to give your baby a vitamin drop, please make sure your baby has all the drops; for babies who drink breast milk and formula milk, the vitamin K need to take are as follows:

  • Drink 3 drops of vitamin K for babies with mother’s milk.
  • 2 drops of vitamin K for babies who drink formula milk.

Even if vitamin K deficiency bleeding is rare, it is still vert dangerous and fatal as soon as it occurs, there is no scientific evidence that vitamin K is harmful to the baby, so give the baby the right amount of vitamin K. It is recommended that all parents get newborns to inject vitamin K to prevent this potentially fatal disease.

Read: Malnutrition in Children – Causes, Signs and Treatments