The growing state of your baby
Week 1: The first week of pregnancy can be a bit confusing because you are usually at least 4 weeks pregnant when you find yourself pregnant. The date of the egg fertilization is difficult to determine, but the date of the beginning of menstrual cycle is very clear. Therefore, your doctor will calculate the day of pregnancy by using the first day of your last menstruation.
Still don’t get it? Don’t worry, what you need to know is that the calculation for the first 2 weeks is just for the physician to make the best estimate of the date of conception. Pregnancy usually lasts 40 weeks, but some babies may be born after 38 weeks, while others wait until 42 weeks. Your doctor will not let you last for more than 42 weeks. Now that we’ve let you know how to calculate the date of conception, let’s see how your body changes.
Changes in the body and your life
In week 1 of your pregnancy, your body is preparing for ovulation. Ovulation occurs when the eggs are released from the ovaries, usually between 12 and 14 days after the first day of your menstruation. You have hormone circulation in your body to prepare your eggs for fertilization. You may feel swollen and soft, and the abdomen might be in pain. These are common symptoms and signs of menstruation. If you want to be pregnant, you can plan to fertiliize your eggs within about 2 weeks. Please mark it on the calendar and make sure your partner knows it too.
What should I be aware of during first week of pregnancy?
During week 1 of your pregnancy, you have nothing to worry about. The only thing to pay attention is to keep a healthy diet and take prenatal vitamins, even when you’re pregnant, it’s important to get enough vitamins. Folic acid in particular can reduce the risk of neural tube defects (birth defects due to incomplete brain or spinal cord development), such as spina bifida. The recommended dose for this phase is approximately 400 micrograms of folic acid per day, and higher doses may be required for women with a history of spinal bifida.
Consult a physician
It is important to tell your doctor what prescription, over-the-counter (OTC), or herbal supplement you are taking, as these drugs can cause harm to your baby. If you are taking one of the prescription drugs, do not stop taking them without consulting a doctor. You must first assess the potential advantages and disadvantages of discontinuation.
It is recommended to consult a doctor on the following questions:
- Can I continue to take prescription and non-prescription drugs during pregnancy?
- What to do before pregnancy?
- Do I need any vaccination before I get pregnant?
Are there any checks I should know about?
To prepare your body for the baby, your doctor will perform a comprehensive examination, which may require the following:
This can help identify any causes that may affect your chances of conception.
Genetic testing can help detect any hereditary diseases that may be transmitted to your baby. These include Sickle cell anemia, Thalassemia and Tay- Sachs disease.
Sexual transmitted diseases (STDs), or on Rubella and chickenpox, will determine whether you need any treatment or vaccination before pregnancy.
These tests will help the physician to give you the appropriate guidance and prepare for the baby.
Health information during pregnancy
You may want to know what to avoid to ensure good health during pregnancy. When you’re pregnant, your immune system is not as strong as it was before, so it may be more vulnerable to infection. Talk to your doctor about which vaccines are safe for you. Here are some vaccines you can consider or avoid:
Measles, Mumps, Rubella, MMR 3-in-1 vaccine
Measles is a viral infection with symptoms and signs including mild fever, cough, runny nose, and spotted rash after a few days. Mumps are also an infectious viral infection that can cause swelling of the salivary glands. If you are infected with any of these during pregnancy, the risk of miscarriage is high. Rubella virus, also known as German measles, presents flu-like symptoms, usually accompanied by a rash. If a pregnant woman suffers from one of the above conditions during the first three months of pregnancy, up to 85% of the child is born with severe congenital defects, such as hearing loss or mental impairment. This vaccine is not safe during pregnancy. It is recommended that you wait 1 to 3 months before you get pregnant after taking the MMR vaccine. Please consult your doctor first.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious viral disease that causes fever and long itching rashes. When pregnant women grow chickenpox in the first 5 months of pregnancy, about 2% of infants may be defective, including malformations and quadriplegic. If chickenpox is close to the expected date, this life-threatening infection is transmitted to your baby. This vaccine is not safe during pregnancy, so be sure to consult a doctor before pregnancy.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that pregnant women to get vaccination against the flu. The vaccine is made from dead viruses, and would not harm the fetus. Note that you should avoid the use FluMist as it is made from live viruses.
If you catch any type of flu during pregnancy, serious complications, such as pneumonia, may be life-threatening and increases the risk of premature birth, as well as postpartum risk of influenze-related complications.
The flu vaccine is usually safe during pregnancy. Evidence shows that vaccination in pregnant women during pregnancy gives babies some protection after birth, as the baby has some antibodies from their mother. Once you have immunity, your newborn baby will not be infected with the flu.