Week 16 of Pregnancy: Now you enter the 16th week of pregnancy, your baby is about the size of an avocado, weighing about 100g and about 12cm from head to toe.
With stronger bones and small muscles on the back, it is easier to straighten the head and muscles on the face, which means that baby can make more facial expressions such as squinting, frowning and smiling, and use a series of expressions that express emotions. If you can see through the uterus, you will find that your baby’s skin is translucent, and you see tiny blood vessels under thin skin. You might see that your baby doesn’t have body fat, but that is because it’s busy developing other vital organs.
You’ll be happy to know that your baby’s ears are fully developed and can hear your voice, which is a great way to keep you in touch with your baby and develop connection. You can sing and even talk to your baby, and your baby will be comforted by your voice, though they don’t understand what you’re talking about.
Changes in your body and life – Week 16 of Pregnancy
This week, you may feel a little bit of movement in your stomach, and first-time moms may mistakenly think it’s indigestion or gas, but your baby is actually kicking the stomach. As your pregnancy progressed, your baby’s movement becomes more visible and you will notice.
Your pregnant belly is getting bigger and bigger! It can be frustrating not to wear regular clothes, but you should use this as an excuse for shopping, you don’t have to buy maternity wear, you can find loose clothings too! For example, buy a larger size or a longer size dress, after giving birth, these dresses will also be practical as you can adjust the size by sewing. Be sure to find comfortable clothes that don’t irritate your skin. Now please embrace your new figure, keep a healthy weight, and worry about it after giving birth instead.
What should I be aware of – Week 16 of Pregnancy
Sometimes you may feel a little breathless, don’t worry, shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is a very common symptom in pregnant women. It usually occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy due to pregnancy hormones. . These hormones stimulate your brain and allow you to breathe more oxygen for your growing baby. It expands the capillaries of the respiratory tract, relaxes the muscles of the lungs and allows you to breathe more air. Another reason for shortness of breath is that your baby is pressing your diaphragm, which separates the muscles of the chest and abdomen. In the later stage of pregnancy, your baby will be bigger, making it even more harder to breathe.
Periodic maternity inspection
You may find yourself increasingly becoming a sweet tooth and worry that your urine test will detect higher sugar levels than normal. You should tell your doctor about your concern. If you have a family history of Diabetes, please tell your doctor.
Your body, in order to give your baby enough energy, will ensure that there is enough sugar in the blood, there is a hormone called Insulin, which regulates the sugar content in the blood and ensures that it has enough for it’s own body cells to use. During pregnancy, anti-insulin hormones can retain enough sugar in the blood for the baby, sometimes the amount of sugar is excreted by the kidneys and detected in the urine. Don’t worry, it’s temporary, and the next urine test may return to normal.
What check-ups should I do?
Only a few routine checks will be conducted this month to ensure the health of your pregnancy. Below are some of the tests you might undergo:
- Blood pressure
- Urine test (blood sugar and protein test)
- Fetal heartbeat
- The size of the uterus (the doctor will palpate from the outside)
- Height of the top of the uterus
- Check for swelling of hands, feet or legs
If you have any concerns about these medical examinations, it is important to discuss with your doctor. The purpose of the examination is to keep you aware of the progress of pregnancy.
Health information during pregnancy
Here are some things to note for the health and safety of you and your baby:
Swimming is a good way to keep your pelvic muscles active, and it is usually safe unless instructed by your doctor. It’s better to start slowly, then gradually increase the intensity to make yourself comfortable. Please listen to your body and do not exert excessive pressure. If you swim frequently, you may notice a shorter ventilation time, which is the body is telling you to slow down. You should not expect your body to perform the same as when you were not pregnant.
Be careful when swimming in the public pool, your immune system is weak and susceptible to infection. Many people, including children, use the public pool, and their cleaning and maintenance may be irregular. To avoid getting sick, refrain from going to public pools.
Try to stay away from children with chickenpox, even their parents, because your immune system is too weak to fight these bacteria. Chickenpox is caused by a virus that causes birth defects that can affect your growing fetus, which may include cerebellar disease (microcephaly, abnormal head) and limbs deformities. Be sure to wash your hands and use your hand soap regularly, you never know when you will be exposed to the chickenpox virus.