Is there a difference between HIV and AIDS?

Everyone should have heard of AIDS, but do you know what HIV is and the difference between the two? With the following introduction to this topic, let’s understand how these two abbreviations are different.

HIV is the virus. AIDS is the disease.

HIV refers to Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which transmits human fluids and attacks the human immune system to prevent it from working properly. AIDS, which refers to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome), is a person infected with HIV.

People with HIV don’t necessarily get AIDS.

Symptomatic symptoms may not occur immediately after HIV infection, as the incubation period can be up to 10 years or more. If HIV-infected people are not properly treated, their immune system will become more damaging and become AIDS when they reach stage 3. People who are infected with HIV do not necessarily get AIDS, but people with AIDS can get it.

HIV and AIDS testing

When infected with HIV, the body produces antibodies that try to fight the virus, so you can know if they are present in the blood or saliva. However, antibodies sometimes take weeks or months to develop, so there may be cases that have already been infected but not detected. Even so, if you suspect that you may be infected with HIV, you must test it as soon as possible to treat it as early as possible and prevent the spread of the virus.

If you want to know whether the virus has developed into AIDS in your body, the examiners look at a variety of indicators to determine. One of these tests is to check the number of CD4 cells in the body, and if it drops to a certain number, it will be diagnosed with HIV. To observe whether HIV patients have tuberculosis, cancer due to opportunistic infections (that is, infections that destroy the immune system due to viruses, mold, etc.) Cancer, pneumonia, etc., are also a way to determine whether the virus develops into AIDS.

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